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Review of Anatomincal Regions, Directional Terms, Cavities, etc.

Anatomical Terminology A language that one must learn to study human anatomy.
Anatomical Position The body is errect, facing the observer, arms to the side, with palms facing forward.
Prone Face down.
Supine Face up or "on the spine"
Planes Refer to imiginary flat surfaces on a structure.
Sections Actual cuts through a structure.
Frontal Section A verticle cut that separates the fromt part from the back.
Sagittal Section A verticles cut that separates the right from the left.
Midsagittal Passes through the midline dividing the structure into equal right and left parts.
Parasagittal Divides the structure into unqual right and left halves.
Transverse A horizontal cut.
Superior Means towards the head.
Inferior Means away from the head.
Anterior Structures are towards the front of the body.
Posterior Structures are towards the back of the body.
Medial Towards the midline.
Lateral Away from the midline.
Ipsilateral Means one structure is between two other structures.
Superficial Means structures are closer to the body surface.
Deep Means structures are away from the body surface.
Proximal Structure is closer to their point of attachment.
Distal Structure is away from their point of attachment.
Cephalic Is the head.
Cervical Refers to the neck.
Trunk Is the region that includes the chest, abdomen and pelvis.
Upper & Lower Extremities Are the upperand lower limbs.
Abdominopelvis Regions Reight & Left Hypochondriac, right & left lumbar, right & left iliac (inguinal), epigastric, umblilcal and hypogastric.
Abdominopelvis Quadrants Right and left upper, right & left lower.
Cavities Spaces mostly filled with fluid, that accomodate, protect or separate certain organs.
Anterior Cavity The space in the trunk that is toward the front part of the body.
Thoratic The space superior to the diaphragn, commonly refered to as the chest cavity.
Abdominopelvic The space inferior to the diaphragn. It is further subdivided by an imiginary line into: Abdominal - the upper part and the Pelvic - the lower part of space.
Abdominal Cavity The upper part of space located in the abdominopelvic cavity that contains most of the digestive organs.
Pelvic Cavity The lower part ofthe abdominopelvic cavity that contains most of the urinary and reproductive organs.
Posterior Cavity The space found in the head, neck, and the postierior part of the trunk.
Cranial Cavity Refers to the part of the Postier Cavity that contains the brain.
Vertebral Cavity Passes through the cervical region and the posterior region of the trunk and contain the spinal cord.
Serous Membranes Lining of the thoraic and abdoninopelivic cavities. Ex- the Pericardium, pleura, and perioneum which all produce fluid.
Parietal Refers to the outer part of the serous membranes.
Visceral Refers to the inner part of the serous membranes.
Created by: laurabland