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Gen. Anatomy Ch 5

General Anatomy & Physiology

QuestionMuAnswer
Catabolism Process of metabolism;complex compounds break down to smaller ones.Releases energy for muscle contractions,body secretions & heat production.They're BROKEN DOWN
Anabolism Constructive metabolism;process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones.Body will store nutrients for later.They BUILD UP
Metabolism Cells are nourished in 2 parts: anabolism & catabolism.A chemical process that takes place in living organisms.The cells are nourished & carry out their activities
Palatine Roof of the mouth (think palate!)
Cells The basic unit of all living things
Protoplasm Colorless,jellylike substance in which food elements such as proteins are present
Nucleus Dense active protoplasm in the center
Cytoplasm All of the protoplasm of the cell except the nucleus
cell metabolism encloses the protoplasm
Mitosis When cells divide into 2 daughter cells (identical)
Epithelial tissue A protective covering on the body.SKIN
How many bones does the human skeleton have? the human skeleton has 206 bones
Occipital Bone The hindmost bone of the skull.It forms the back of the skull,above the nape
Maxillae Bones upper jaw
Mandible lower jaw."Strong man".The strongest bone on the face
Zygomatic (malar bones) Bones that form the prominence of the cheeks;the cheekbones
Hyoid Bone Aka adams apple.Center of the neck.A U-shaped bone @ the base of the tongue that supports the tongue & it's muscles & the cervical veretrabe
Cervical Vertabrae The 7 bones @ the top of the vertebral column.Located in the NECK region
Clavicle Collarbone;joining the sternum & scapula
Humerus The upper most largest bone of the arm
Radius The smaller bone of the forearm on the same side of the thumb
Carpus The wrist (Think carpal tunnel)
How many muscles does the face has? The face has 30 muscles
Striated Muscles Aka skeletal or voluntary muscles ( attached to the bone).Muscles that are controlled by the will(Muscle that has lines you can see)
Non-Striated Muscles Aka involuntary or visceral or smooth muscles.These functions automatically (lines you can't see in the muscle)
How do you massage? Massage insertion to origin
Central Nervous System (Cerebrospinal & CNS) The primary control center for the whole nervous system.(CNS= all conscious,voluntary,five senses).Consist's of the brain,spinal cord,spinal nerves & cranial nerves
Dendrite Recieves impulses from other neurons.Tree like branching of nerve fibers extendong from a nerve cell;short nerve fibers that carry impulses toward the cell
Axon Sends msgs away from the cells to other neurons
The 7th Cranial Nerve Chief motor nerve of the face emerging near the lower part of the ear
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Function to carry impulses msgs to & frm the central nervous system.(Think Peri-meter or outer regions).(PNS=subdivides afferent periph).(Efferent periph= subdivides somatic nervous system)& (ANS=Autonomic nervous system)
Brain stem structure that connect the spinal cord to the brain
Brain Part of the CNS contained in the cranium;largest & most somplex nerve tissue;controls sensation muslces,glandular activity & the power to the think & feel
Biceps Nutritive fluid circulating through the circulatory system (heart,veins,arteries & capillaries)
Belly (Muscles) Middle part of a muscle
Anatomy The study of the structure of the body that can be seen w/ the naked eye & what's made up of;the science of the structure of organisms or of their parts
Corrugator Muscle Facial muscle that draws eyebrows down & wrinkles on the forehead vertically
Connective Tissue Fibrous tissue that bins together,protects & supports the various parts of the body such as bone cartilage & tendons
Cervical Cutaneous Nerves Nerve located @ the side of the neck that affects the front & sides of the neck as far as the breastbone
Capillaries Thin-walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to the veins
Buccal Nerve Nerve that affects the muscles of the mouth
Depressor Labii Inferioris Aka Quadratus Labii Inferious.Muscle surrounding the lower lip; depresses the lower lip & draws it to one side.
Beoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) The blueprint material of genetic info; that controls the function of every living cell
11th Cranial Nerve (Accessory) A type of motor nerve that controls that motion of the neck muscles
Orbicularis Oris Flat band around the y\upper & lower lips that compresses,contracts,puckers & wrinkles the lips
Pericardium Double layered membranous sac enclosing the heart
Occipitals Back of the epicranius;muscle that draws the scalp backward
Nasal Bones Bones from the bridge of the nose
Auricularis Posterior Muscle behind the ear that draws the ear backward
Auricularis Anterior Muscle in front of ear that draws the ear forward
Auricularis Superior Muscle above the ear that draws the ear upward
Buccinator Thin,flat muscle of the cheek between the upper & lower jaw that compresses the cheeks & expels air between the lips
Infraorbital Artery Artery that originates from the internal maxillary artery & supplies blood to the eye muscles
Interstitial The fluid in spaces between the tissue cells
Infratrochlear Nerve Nerve that affects the membrane of the nose & skin
Motor (Efferent) Nerves Nerves that carry muscles from the brain to the muscles
Buccal Nerve Nerve that affects the muscles of the mouth
Aponeurosis Tendon that connects to the occipitalis & frontalis
Metacarpus The palm,consisting of 5-long slender bones called metacarpal bones
Histology Study of the structure composition of tissue
Hemoglobin Iron containing protein in red blood cells that binds to oxygen
Supinator Muscle that rotates the radius OUTWARD & the palm upward.(Supin= outward.Pron= inward)
5th Cranial Nerve( trifacial or trigeminal) Aka: trifacial or trigeminal nerve.Chief sensory nerve of the face;controls chewing
Platysma A broad muscle extending from the chest & shoulder muscles to the side of the chin,It's responsible for lowering the lower jaw & lip
Created by: CLGagnon