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American Gov. 9th ed

Chapter 6 vocabulary; Wilson & DiIlulio, Jr. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston NY

DefinitionTerm
The citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching a minimum age requirement. In the United States a citizen must be at least eighteen years old in order to vote. voting-age population
People who are registered to vote. While almost all adult American citizens are theoretically eligible to state, only those who have completed a registration form by the required date may do so. registered voters
Bill passed by Congress(1993; make it easier for Americans to register to vote; law went into effect in 1995, requires states to allow voter registration by mail, when one applies for a driver's license, & at state offices that serve the disabled/poor. motor-voter law
A requirement that citizens pass a literacy test in order to register to vote; established to prevent former slaves from voting; illiterate whites can vote through "grandfather clause" literacy test
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote. It was adopted by many states to prevent former slaves from voting; unconstitutional. poll tax
A clause added to registration laws allowing people who did not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867; to exempt illiterate and poor whites from registration requirements; to keep former slaves from voting grandfather clause (declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1915)
The practice of keeping African Americans from voting in primary elections through arbitrary implementation of registration requirements and intimidation; declared unconstitutional in 1944. white primary
A government-printed ballot of uniform size & shape to be cast in secret that was adopted by many states around 1890 in order to reduce the voting fraud associated with party-printed ballots cast in public. Australian ballot
Individuals, usually outside of government, who actively promote a political party; philosophy, or issue they care about. activists
Created by: Aizre