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COMD 321 Terms

Anatomy terms for the first quiz

QuestionAnswer
Axial Skeleton Consists of trunk and head
Appendicular Skeleton Comprises upper and lower extremities
Trunk Abdominal and thoracic regions
Coronal (Frontal) Section Body is divided into front and back halves
Sagittal Section Divides body into right and left halves
Transverse Section Divides body into upper and lower portions
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Ventral Pertains to belly or anterior surface
Dorsal Pertains to the back of the body or distal
Superficial On or near the surface
Peripheral Relative to the periphery or away from
Rostral Toward the head
Deep Further from the surface
External Outside
Internal Within the body
Lateral Toward the side
Proximal Nearest to the point of attachment
Distal Away from the midline
Medial Toward the midline
Prone Body in horizontal position with face down
Supine Body in horizontal position face up
Plantar Refers to sole of the foot
Irritability Ability to respond to to stimulation
Spontaneous Movement Movement that originates and occurs within the cell
Metabolism Cells ability to take in raw products and break them down in order to carry out it's life support goal
Epithelial Cells/Tissue Surfaces and forms selective barriers
Connective Cells/Tissue Connecting, anchoring, and supporting structures of the body.
Muscle Cells/Tissue Produce Movement
Nerve Cell (neuron) Initiation and conduction of electrical chemical info
Mitochondrion Threadlike granules which provide energy in the form of ATP (Powerplant)
Lysosome Digestive organs of the cell
Golgi Apparatus Temporarily stores secretory substances
Endoplasmic Reticulum Forms an intracellular transport network
Microfilaments/Microtubules Solid rods that help to generate the forces used in cellular contraction and basic cell movements
Centrioles Important role in cell division
Nucleus Contains cell's genetic material
Plasma Membrane Controls exchange of materials inside and outside of cell
Areolar Type of connective tissue (loose) adipose and lymphoid tissue
Fibrous Type of connective tissue (dense) that binds structures together
Fascia Tissue aggregate, membrane that surrounds organs
Ligaments Fibrous tissue that connects bones or cartilage
Tendons Connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone or cartilage
Origin Point of attachment of the least mobile element (muscle)
Insertion Point of attachment that moves when a muscle contracts.
Agonists Muscles that move structures
Antagonists Muscles that oppose contraction of agonists
Synergists Muscles that stabilize structures
Synapse Communication between neuron and muscle
Temporal Overlap Innervation to muscles in different systems simultaneously
Mutual Influence Muscular changes in one system affecting the function of another system
Created by: tannehillke