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Lab 1 Biology

Anatomical Position hands are at the sides with the palms facing forward, and the feet are together
Axial relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
Appendicular relating to limbs and their attachments
Abdominal pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Axillary pertaining to the armpit
Brachial pertaining to the arm
Cervical pertaining to the neck region
Femoral pertaining to the thigh
Gluteal pertaining to the buttock
Lumbar Loin (lower back)
Sacral pertaining to the region between the hips (anterior view)
Superior Above
Inferior Below
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Away from the midline or median place
cephalad toward the head
caudad toward the feet (tail)
dorsal backside
ventral belly side
proximal nearer the trunk
distal attached end/farther from the trunk or point of attachment
superficial toward or at the body surface
deep away from the body surface
section single view or slice along one of the planes
plane an axis or point of view
Sagittal section/plane divides body into left and right parts
Midsgittal section/place divdes body into equal parts, right down the midline
Frontal (coronal) section/plane divides body into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse (cross) section/plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts
dorsal body cavity contains Cranial Cavity and Vertebral Cavity
Cranial Cavity contains brain
Spinal Cavity contains spinal cord
Ventral Body Cavity contains thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
Thoracic Cavity contains heart and lungs
Abdominal Quadrants contains right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant, and left lower quadrant
Abdominal Regions (picture diagram in head, 9 quadrants all together)
Umbilical Region centermost region
Epigastric Region superior to the umbilical region
Hypogastric (pubic) region inferior to the umbilical region
Iliac (inguinal) regions lateral to the hypogastric region (both sides) and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones
Lumbar regions between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones; lateral to the umbilical regions
Hypochondriac Regions flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs
Abdominal Cavity contains digestive viscera (internal organs)
Pelvic Cavity contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum
Parietal Serosa part of the membrane lining the cavity walls
Visceral serosa covers the external surface of the organs within the cavity
Peritoneum the serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs
Pleura serosa that encloses the lungs
Pericardium serosa around the heart
Created by: Drbrown2346