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JR Chapter 1 & 2


Anterior The Front; before
Deep Farther from the body surface
Ventral The belly side (anterior)
Superficial At, near, or relatively close to the body surface (answer must be exact)
Posterior The back; behind
Distal Away from an attached base
Dorsal The back; posterior
Proximal Toward an attached base
Cranial or Cephalic The head
Lateral Away from the body's longitudinal axis
Superior Above; at a higher level
Medial Toward the body's longitudinal axis
Caudal The tail; coccyx in humans
Inferior Below; at a lower level
What 2 cavities make up the ventral cavity? Superior Thoracic Cavity and Inferior Abdominopelvic Cavity
Define Isotope Atoms of the same element that have a different number of neutrons.
Define Ionic bond and give an example. A bond formed between two ions of opposite charge. NaCl - Salt
Define Covalent bond and give and example. A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms. This is a strong chemical bond. H-H
Define Differentiation A process in which cells take on special characteristics such as structure and function.
Anabole A building up
Endo- Inside
What are the levels of organization? Chemical/Molecular, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, System, Organism
Name the organ systems. Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary, Reproductive
Name and define the 2 feedback mechanisms. Negative - the original stimulus is opposed (negatively effected) by the effector response. Positive - The original stimulus is reinforced (positively effected) by the effector response.
Name and define the 3 key parts of homeostatic regulation. Receptor - senses or detects changes in the surrounding environment. Control center (integration center) - receives and processes information from the receptor. Effector - responds to the commands of the control center.
Define homeostasis and homeostatic regulation. Homeostasis - the presence of a stable internal environment. Homeostatic regulation - the physiological adjustments by organ systems to maintain homeostasis.
Supine Lying down, face up.
Prone Lying down, face down.
Name 3 primary sectional planes and how they divide the body. Transverse (cross sectional) - divides body into superior and inferior. Frontal (coronal) - divides body into anterior and posterior. Sagittal - divides body into left and right.
Bios Life
Pronus Inclined forward
Paries Wall
Dorsum Back
Medianus Situated in the middle
-logy Study of.
Supinus Lying on the back
Peri Around
Homeo Unchanging
Cardium Heart
Pathos Disease
-stasis Standing
Venter Belly or abdomen
Exo- Outside
Glyco- Sugar
Hydro- Water
-lysis Breakdown
Katabole A throwing down
Lipos Fat
Di Two
Poly Two
Poly Many
Created by: jrittimann