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3.1 Organelles


Organelles internal structures that carry on specific functions
Mitochondria: site of cellular respiration
Mitochondria uses.... organic compounds to make ATP
ATP main energy currency used to power the body (from cellular respiration)
Ribosomes synthesis of proteins
mRNA messenger RNA: carries original code of DNA to ribosome
tRNA transfer RNA: carries an amino acid to a ribosome
rRNA ribosomal RNA: the factory that puts the amino acids together to make a protein
Nucleus brain of cell stores DNA
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Synthesis &/or modification of proteins
Golgi Apparatus processes, packages and secretes molecules/proteins (& lipids)
Lysosomes intracellular digestion
Cytoskeleton structure and shape of cell
Cilia and Flagella movement
Vacuole & Vesicle storage and transport of substances;
Centrioles aids in cell division
cytoplasm contains everything between the cell membrane and the nucleus
cytosol a gelatin like solution surrounding the organelles
Nucleolus RNA & ribosomal proteins are made here & move into the cytoplasm or ER
Vacuole & Vesicle examples: lysosome/peroxisome
Lysosomes- digest molecules with enzymes
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) synthesis of lipids
Created by: dfosterteacher