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Week 1: Back

Name the attachments for the Trapezius. Origin (Occipital protuberane, Nuchal ligament, and SP of C7 and thoracic vertebrae) Insertion (clavicle, acromion, and spine of scapula)
Name the attachments of the Latissimus Dorsi. Origin (sacrum to T7, thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, and ribs 10-12) Insertion (Intertubercular groove of humerus)
Name the attachments of the levator scapulae. Origin (TP of C1-C4) Insertion (upper medial scapula)
Name the attachments of the splenius capitis. Origin (Nuchal ligament, SP of C7-T4) Insertion (Mastoid process, and occipital protuberance)
Name the attachments of the splenius cervicis. Origin (SP of T3-T6) Insertion (TP of C2-C3)
Name the Erector Spinae muscles Iliocostalis, Longissimus, and Spinalis
Name the attachments of the Iliocostalis. Origin (sacrum, iliac crest, and SP of lumbar and T11-T12) Insertion (Ribs 1-12, and TP of C4-C7)
Name the attachments of the Longissimus. Origin (thoracolumbar fascia, TP of lumbar, TP of T1-T5, and AP of C3-C7) Insertion (Mastoid process)
Name the attachments of the Spinalis. Origin (SP of L2-T11, Nuchal ligament, and SP of C7) Insertion (SP of T1-T8, and SP of C2)
Name the attachments of the semispinalis capitis. Origin (TP of C7-T6) Insertion (between the superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occipital bone)
Name the attachments of the Multifidus. Origin (sacrum, lumbar, thoracic, and C7-C4 vertebrae) Insertion (SP of lumbar thoracic, cervical vertebrae to C2)
Name the attachments of the Rhomboid Major. Origin (SP of T2-T5) Insertion (medial scapula)
Name the attachments of the Rhomboid Minor. Origin (nuchal ligament, and SP of C7-T1) Insertion (medial scapula)
Identify the border muscles in the suboccipital triangle. Rectus capitis posterior major, Rectus capitis posterior minor, Obliquus capitis superior, and Obliquus capitis inferior.
Describe the contents of the suboccipital triangle. Vertebral Artery and Suboccipital nerve.
Describe the cervical vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae are the smallest and have transverse foramen. The Altas C1 - lacks a vertebral body and forms the atlanto occipital joint. The Axis C2- has the "dens" which projects superiorly and articulates with the atlas.
Describe the thoracic vertebrae. Medium sized with transverse processes that attach to the ribs
Describe the lumbar vertebrae. Largest bodies, these vertebrae hold the most weight.
Identify the nerve and artery found in the rhomboids. The dorsal scapular nerve from C5 root of the brachial plexus and the deep branch of the transverse cervical artery from the posterior triangle of the neck.
Identify the nerve and artery found in the trapezius. The transverse cervical nerve(Cranial nerve XI), and the superficial branch of the transverse cervical artery from the posterior triangle of the neck.
Created by: bettyboucher



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