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CSET Lit vocab

Allegory An extenden mataphor, with one surface meaning and another underlying meaning.
Antagonist The character who opposes the main character in a work of fiction.
Archtype Models or patterns instantly recognizable for their universal characteristics.
Characterization The creation of characters to populate a story
Climax The high point of a narrative.
Connotation The set of associations a word conveys, as opposed to its strict definition.
Denotation The definition of a word.
Denouement The wrap-up of a story, after the climax
Descriptive writing Writing that paints a picture of a fictional world.
Dialogue Conversation between two or more characters in fiction.
Expository writing Writing that presents information critical for understanding a whole piece.
Figures of speech (metaphor, simile, and symbol) Uses of language that are not meant to be taken literally.
Formative assessments Informal assessments that are ongoing, classroom-based, and oriented toward individual achievements.
Interior monologue (in fiction) reveals a character's thoughts and feelings.
Irony The tension, or difference, between what is expected (or what appears to be)and what is actually the case.
Language Acquistion Device (LAD) An innate structural predispositon of the human brain to make sense of language (to acquire the specific sets of phonemes, morphemes, and syntactical structures that belong to any specific language system)
Metacognition The awareness that there are skills that can increase learning efficiency and effectiveness; learning how to learn.
Metaphor A comparison between two unlike things as though they were the same.
Meter The rhythm of a poem. It may be regular or irregular.
Morphemes The sound sequences (sequences of phonemes)that convey meaning.
Morphology The study of word structure.
Narrative writing writing that tells a story
Natural language acquistion A type of learning modeled on the way young children absorb a native tongue (as opposed to traditional language learning with its rule-oriented teaching).
Parallelism A structured device in which words, phrases, or ideas are repeated, once or several times.
Parody a humorous subgenre of fiction that mimics the style and conventions of another, serious work.
Personification the attribution of human qualities to non-human animals or objects.
Persuasive writing writing designed to convince the reader of the author's point of view.
Phonemes Sounds that signal differences in meaning.
Phonological awareness (phonemic awareness) the understanding that words are composed of sounds called phonemes.
Phonology the study of the way sounds function in language
plot What happens in a story
Point of View the perspective from which a story is told
pragmatics the study of the social, physical, and cultural contexts of language use.
protagonist the main character in a work of fiction.
rhetoric the term for a collection of strategies and language choices writers use to achieve their goals.
satire exposes, often humorously, the follies, foibles, and vices of a group or system (e.g., institutions, ideas, or societies)
scaffolding the support a teacher provides to enable a student to extend his knowledge.
semantics the study of the ways in which sounds, words, sentences, etc., are used to convey meaning in language, including the effect of context on meanint.
setting the environment in which a story takes place.
simile a comparison of two dissimilar things using like or as
Summative assessments (standardized tests) take place after a period of learning and are designed to evaluate how well the learning has taken place.
symbol a use of figurative language in which a word or phrase signifies, or stands for, something else, in addition to itself.
syntax the grammatical structure of a sentence
theme the central or unifying concept of a work of art.
tone a term for the attitude of an artistic work.
Universal grammer the general properties that underlie and govern the development of all human languages.
Zone of proximal Development (zpd) the difference between a child's capacity to solve a problemon his own and his ability to solve the problem with assistance.
Created by: LFalone
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