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Jordan Chapter 1

Text book chapter one flash cards for Coach Eager's class.

The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and change those places Fieldwork
One of the two major divisions of geography, the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes. Human Geography
The expansion of economic, political and cultural processes to the point that they become global in impact and scale. Globalization transcends state boundaries and has outcomes that vary across places and scales. Globalization
One of the two major divisions of geography. The spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth’s natural phenomena (climate, soil, plants, animals, topography, etc). Physical Geography
Pertaining to space on the Earth’s surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic. Spatial
Physical location of geographic phenomena across space. Spatial Distribution
The design of a spatial distribution (scattered, concentrated) Pattern
The study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographical perspective. Medical Geography
Outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide Pandemic
Regional outbreak of a disease Epidemic
Observing variations in geographic phenomena across space. Spatial Perspective
The geographic situation of people and things Location
A logical attempt to explain the location pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated. Location Theory
Reciprocal relationship between humans and environment. Human Environment
An area on the Earth’s surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon Region
Uniqueness of a location Place
State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling it with a certain character. Sense of Place
Belief or “understanding” about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures. Perceptions of Place
The mobility of people, goods, and ideas across the surface of the planet Movement
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites further away. Spatial Interaction
Measurement of the physical space between two planes Distance
The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations. It varies from place to place and can be measured. Accessibility
The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations a transport network. Connectivity
The overall appearance of an area. Most landscapes are comprised of a combination of natural and human-induced influences. Landscape
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants. Cultural Landscape
The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. Sequent Occupance
– The art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns. Cartography
Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude. Reference Maps
Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the the movement of a geographic phenomenon. Thematic Maps
The position of a certain item on the Earth expressed in degrees, minutes and seconds of latitude (north and south of the equator), and longitude (east and west of the Prime Meridian) Absolute Locations
Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features Global Positioning System (GPS)
A hunt for cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other geocachers. Geocaching
The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. Distance, accessibility, and connectivity affect relative location. Relative Location
Image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual’s perception, impression, and knowledge of that space. Mental Maps
The places we travel routinely in our rounds of daily activity Activity Spaces
A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (satellites) that are physically distant from the area or object of study. Remote Sensing
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user. Geographic Information System (GIS)
Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative. Rescale
A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena also called uniform region or homogenous region. Formal Region
A type of region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. Functional Region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as physically demarcated entity. Perceptual Region
The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. Culture
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban. Culture Trait
A related set of cultural traits such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils Culture Complex
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture. Cultural Hearth
The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance, the less the interaction. Time-distance Decay
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture. Cultural Barriers
The expansion and adoption of a cultural element from its place of origin to a wider area. Cultural Diffusion
The spread of innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination. Expansion Diffusion
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person–analogous to the communication of a contagious illness. Contagious Diffusion
A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing fist among the most connected places or peoples. Hierarchical Diffusion
A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. Stimulus Diffusion
Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused area transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. Relocation Diffusion
Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions. Geographic Concepts
The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism. Environmental Determinism
Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values. Isotherms
Geographic viewpoint–a response to determinism–that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the crucial factor in cultural development. Possibilism
The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment. Cultural Ecology
An approach to studying nature–society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated. Political Ecology
Created by: SecretAgent22
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