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Orentation terms

orentation and directional terms

Superior Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above Ex. the head is ___________ to the abdomen
Inferior Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body; below Ex. the navel is ____________ to the chin
Anterior (Ventral) toward or at the front of the body ; in front of Ex. the breastbone is _________ to the spine
Posterior (Dorsal) Toward or at the back of the body; behind Ex. The heart is _____________ to the breastbone
Medial toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side Ex. The heart is _________ to the arm
Lateral Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of Ex. The arms are __________ to the chest
Proximal Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk Ex. The elbow is _____________ to the wrist
Distal Farther away from the origin of a body part or the point of attachmentof a limb to the body trunk Ex. The knee is _____________ to the thigh
Superfical Toward or at the body surface Ex. the skin is ______________ to the skeletal muscles
Deep Away from the body surface; more internal Ex. The lungs are _________ to the skin
Anatomical Position the body is erect with feet slightly apart and palms facing forwardand thumbs point away from the body
Orbital Eye socket
Nasal Nose
Oral Mouth
Mental Front of chin
Sternal center of chest breastbone
Axillary Armpit
Mammary breast
Umbillical Belly button
Inguinal Groin above the pubic area
Pubic Genital
Acromial shoulder cap
Brachial bicep
Antecubital center of arm used for blood draws
Carpal wrist
Metacarpal posterior part of hand or the back of the hand
palmer Palm of the hand
Digital Fingers / toes
Coxal Hip
Femoral thigh Anterior and Posterior
Patellar Knee cap
Popliteal behind the knee cap
Sural Calf
Fibular/ peroneal front of lower leg
Tarsal ankle
Calcaneal Heel
Metatarsal Top of foot
Plantar bottom of the foot
Hallux Big toe
Otic Ear
Occipital Back of the head
Scapular Shoulder Blade
Gluteal Buttocks
Perineal Between anus and external genitalia
Sagittal Plane Vertical Plane that divides the body into left and right
Frontal Plane Divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts
Transverse Plane Runs horizontally dividing the body into superior (top) and inferior (bottom)
Negative feedback A homeostatic mechanism that opposes or Resists a change in the body's internal conditions.
Positive feedback A mechanism that increases or enlarges a change in the body's internal conditions
Created by: mo2n2b