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Bonewit #16 (8th Ed)

Urinalysis Terms

Failure of the kidneys to produce urine. ANURIA
The presence of bilirubin in the urine. BILIRUBINURIA
The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine. BLADDER CATHETERIZATION
The presence of glucose in the urine. GLYCOSURIA
The presence of ketone bodies in the urine. KETONURIA
An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids. KETOSIS
The act of voiding urine. MICTURITION
The functional unit of a kidney NEPHRON
Decreased or scanty output of urine. OLIGURIA
The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. pH
Increased output of urine. POLYURIA
The presence of protein in the urine. PROTEINURIA
The inability to empty the bladder; urine is produced normally but is not being voided RETENTION
The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine. RENAL THRESHOLD
The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard. In urinalysis, the specific gravity refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amo SPECIFIC GRAVITY
The clear liquid tha remains at the top after a precipitate settles. SUPERNATANT
The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine. SUPRAPUBIC ASPIRATION
The physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine. URINALYSIS
To empty the bladder. VOID
Secretion and passage of large amounts of urine DIURESIS
Difficult or painful urination. DYSURIA
The condition of having to urinate often FREQUENCY
Blood present in the urine HEMATURIA
Excessive (voluntary) urination during the night NOCTURIA
Inability of an individual to control urination at ngiht during sleep (bedwetting) NOCTURNAL ENURESIS
The presence of pus in the urine PYRUIA
The immediate need to urinate. URGENCY
The inability to retain urine. URINARY INCONTINENECE
Involuntary loss of drops of urine DRIBBLING
Notched or scalloped; as in the "crenated" condition of blood cells CRENATED
Difficulty in starting (initiating) the flow or urine HESITANCY
Inflammation of the bladder CYSTITIS
Otherwise invisible or hidden OCCULT
Kidney stones formed from chemicals in the urine forming crystals (stones) that stick together RENAL CACCULI
Products normally in urine and excreted; retained in blood; toxic condition; associated with renal failure UREMIA
Substance(s) settling at the bottom of a liquid SEDIMENT
Yellow pigment given off from the breakdown of hemoglobin; gives urine its yellow color) UROCHROME
Narrowing of passageway interfering with movement of substances through it STRICTURE
Urinary tract infection UTI
Created by: Mrs.Marshall