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A&P II Respiratory

Connects the larynx to the primary bronchii Trachea
site of tonsils Pharynx
food passageway posterior to the trachea Esophagus
covers the glottis during swallowing of food Epiglottis
contains the vocal cords Larynx
nerve that activates the diapragm during inspiration Phrenic Nerve
Pleural layer lining the walls of the thorax Parietal pleura
site from which oxygen enters the pulmonary blood Alveolus
connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx opening of pharyngotympanic tube
opening between the vocal folds glottis
increases air turbulancein the nasal cavity concha
seperates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity palate
visible portion of the tooth in situ clinical crown
material covering the tooth root Cementum
hardest substance in the body enamel
attaches the tooth to the bone and surrounding alveolar structures periodantal ligament
portion of the tooth embedded in bone gingiva
forms the major portion of tooth structure similiar to bone dentin
produces the dentin odonblast
site of blood vessels nerves and lymphatics pulp
entire portion of the tooth covered with enamel anatomical crown
produces mucus found in the submucosa of the small intestine duodenal glands
produces a product containing amylase that begins starch breakdown in the mouth salivary glands
produces a whole spectrum of enzymes and an alkaline fluid that is secreted into the duodenum pancreas
produces bile that it secretes into the duodenum via the bile duct liver
produces HCI and pepsinogen gastric glands
found in the mucosa of the small intestine; produces intestinal juices intestinal crypts
Presence of erythrocytes in the urine hematuria
presence of hemoglobin in the urine hemoglobinuria
presence of glucose in the urine glycosuria
presence of albumin in the urine albuminuria
presence of ketone bodies (acetone and others) in the urine ketonuria
presence of pus (white blood cells) in the urine pyuria
low specific gravity diabetes insipidus
high specific gravity diabetes mellitus; gonorrhea; pylonephritis
albumin glomerulonephritis; pregnancy exertion
blood cells cystitis (inflammation of the bladder); kidney stones
hemoglobin hemolytic anemias
bilirubin hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver
ketone bodies cystitis (inflammation of the bladder); diabetes mellitus; starvation
casts glomerulonephritis; pylonephritis
pus cystitis (inflammation of the bladder); gonorrhea; pylonephritis
Structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterior body wall mesentery
fingerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase the surface area of absorption villi
large collections of lymphoid tissue found in the submucosa of the small intestine peyer's patches
deep folds of the mucosa and submucosa that extend completely or partially around the circumference of the small intestine circular folds
regions that break down foodstuffs mechanically oral cacity; stomach
mobile organ that manipulates food in the mouth and initiates swallowing tongue
conduit for both air and food pharynx
three structures continuous with and representing modifications of the peritoneum greater omentum; lesser omentum; mesentery
the gullet; no digestive/absorptive function esophagus
folds of the gastric mucosa rugae
sacculations of the large intestine haustra
projections of the plasma membraneof a mucosal epithelial cell microvilli
valve at the junction of the small and large intestines ileocecal valve
primary region of food and water absorption small intestine
membrane securing the tongue to the floor of the mouth frenulum
absorbs water and forms feces large intestine
area between the teeth and lips/cheeks vestibule
wormlike sac that outpockets from the cecum appendix
initiates protein digestion stomach
structure attached to the lesser curvature of the stomach lesser omentum
organ distal to the stomach small intestine
valve controlling food movement from the stomach into the duodenum pyloric valve
posterosuperior boundry of the oral cavity soft palate
location of the hepatopancreatic sphincter through which pancreatic secreations and bile pass small intestine
serous lining of the abdominal cavity wall parietal peritoneum
principal site for the synthesis of vitamin K by microorganisms large intestine
region containing two sphincter through which feces are expelled from the body anus
bone supported anterosuperior boundry of the oral cavity hard palate
Created by: nancy82277



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