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Focus: Hope: HCT

Chabner, Med Terms--a short course ch 2 vocab

Abdomen space below the chest
Abdominal cavity space containing the stomach, liver, intestines, and gallbladder
Anterior in front
Bronchial tubes tubes connecting the trachea to the lungs
Bronchoscopy visual examination of bronchial tubes
Cartilage flexible connective tissue
Cervical pertaining to the neck of the body or uterus
Circulatory system organs that carry blood throughout the body
Coccygeal pertaining to the tailbone
Coccyx tailbone
Cranial cavity the space inside the skull
Craniotomy cutting into the skull
Diaphragm the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen
Digestive system organs that intake and process food
Disk pad of cartilage between each vertebra
Endocrine system glands that secrete hormones
Epithelial cells lining the inside of organs and the outside of the body
Esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
Esophagus tube connecting the throat and stomach
Female reproductive system organs that produce and transport eggs, secrete female hormones, and provide babies with a place to develop
Frontal plane a vertical plane that divides a body or organ into front and back sections
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver
Hypochondriac pertaining to lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs
Laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen
Laparotomy cutting into the abdomen
Laryngeal pertaining to the larynx (or voice box)
Laryngectomy removing the larynx (or voice box)
Larynx voice box
Lateral pertaining to the side
Lumbar pertaining to the loin area; part of the back and sides between the chest and hips
Lymphocyte white blood cell found inside lymph and lymph nodes
Mediastinal pertaining to the mediastinum
Mediastinum the area between the lungs that contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, and lymph nodes
Musculoskeletal system organs that support the body and help it move
Nervous system organs that transmit electrical messages throughout the body
Ovary an organ that produces egg cells and secretes hormones
Pelvic cavity space contained within the hip bones and the lower backbones
Pelvis lower part of the trunk of the body
Peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum
Peritoneum membrane that surrounds the abdomen and holds the abdominal organs in place
Pharyngeal pertaining to the pharynx (throat)
Pharynx throat
Pituitary gland organ at the base of the brain that secretes hormones which regulate other organs
Pleura double membrane around the lungs
Pleuritis inflammation of the pleura
Posterior in back
Respiratory system organs that control breathing
Sacral pertaining to the sacrum
Sacrum five fused bones below the lumbar bones
Sagittal plane a vertical plane that divides a body or organ into left and right portions
Spinal cavity space formed by the backbones containing the spinal cord
Spinal column backbones, vertebrae
Spinal cord bundle of nerves extending from the brain down the back
Thoracic cavity the chest cavity, which contains the lungs and heart
Thoracotomy cutting into the chest
Trachea the windpipe
Tracheotomy cutting into the windpipe
Transverse plane a horizontal plane that divides a body or organ into an upper and lower portion
Ureter one of two tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder
Urethra the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside
Urinary system organs that produce and send urine out of the body; the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
Uterus the womb
Vertebra a backbone
Vertebrae many backbones
Vertebral pertaining to the backbone
Created by: cannons
Popular Medical sets




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