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Focus: Hope HCT

Chabner, Med Terms--a short course Ch 1 Vocab

Adenoma benign tumor of glandular cells
Adenitis inflammation of a gland
Arthritis inflammation of a joint
Biology study of life
Biopsy to view living tissue (under a microscope)
Carcinoma cancerous tumor (specifically of cells lining internal organs and outside of body)
Cardiology study of the heart
Cephalic pertaining to the head
Cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum
Cystoscope instrument for viewing the urinary bladder
Cytology study of cells
Dermal pertaining to skin
Dermatitis inflammation of skin
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) electric record of heart
Electroencephalogram (EEG) electric record of head (often used to diagnose epilepsy)
Enteritis inflammation of small intestines
Erythrocyte red blood cell
Gastroscopy visual examination of stomach
Diagnosis complete knowledge of a patient's condition
Prognosis a prediction about the outcome of a patient's treatment
Gynecology the study of the female reproductive system and its disorders
Leukocyte white blood cell
Thrombocyte clotting cells, or platelets
Hemotoma mass of blood (a bruise)
Hemoglobin a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen
Hepatitis inflammation of liver
Laparotomy cutting into the abdomen
Abdominal pertaining to the abdomen
Nephrectomy cutting out the kidney
Neurology study of nerves
Oncologist a cancer specialist
Opthalmoscope instrument for viewing eyes
Osteoarthritis inflammation of bones and joints
Pathologist a specialist who studies diseases
Autopsy examining a dead body to see for oneself the cause of death
Psychosis abnormal condition of the mind
Renal pertaining to the kidney
Rhinitis inflammation of the nose
Sarcoma cancerous tumor of connective tissue, such as bone, fat, muscle, or cartilage
Thrombosis when platelets form a clot
Neural pertaining to nerves
Arthralgia joint pain
Gasrectomy cutting out part of the stomach
Leukemia blood condition involving cancerous white blood cells in blood and bone marrow
Arthrogram x-ray of a joint
Gastric pertaining to the stomach
Cephalgia a head ache (shortened from cephalalgia)
Hyperthyroidism the thyroid secretes too much hormone
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the intestines and stomach
Neurologist a specialist who studies nerves
Nephrology study of the kidney
Hepatoma a malignant tumor of the liver; also called hepatocellular carcinoma
Nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney
Gastroscope instrument for viewing the stomach
Laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen
Arthroscopy visual examination of a joint
Neurotomy cutting into a nerve
Anemia a blood condition where there are not enough red blood cells
Diameter the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle with its endpoints on the circle
Dysentery condition of painful intestines (often caused by bacterial infection
Endocrine glands glands that secrete within the body
Endocardium inner lining of the heart valves and chambers
Exocrine glands glands that secrete outside the body
Hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood (because there isn't enough insulin)
Hypoglycemia not enough sugar in the blood (because there is too much insulin)
Prostate gland male gland surrounding the base of the urinary bladder. It produces semen
Retrogastric pertaining to the area behind the stomach
Subhepatic pertaining to the area below the liver
Transdermal pertaining to through the skin
Transurethral pertaining to across or through the urethra
Resection cutting back part of an organ
Created by: cannons