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Language of Medicine

Ch. 1 Basic word structures

aden/o Gland
arthr/o Joint
bi/o Life
carcin/o cancerous, Cancer
Cardi/o Heart
Cephal/o Head
cerebr/o Cerebrum- Largest part of the brain
cis/o To cut
crin/o To secrete-to form and give off
cyst/o urinary bladder- a sac or a cyst
cyt/o cell
derm/o dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines- small
erythr/o red
gastr/o Stomach
gnos/o Knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment, physician
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot/clotting
ur/o urinary tract, urine
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision, removal
-emia blood condition
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin protein
-gram record
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-ion process
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-logy process of study
-oma tumor,mass, swelling
-opsy process of viewing process of viewing
-osis condition, usually abnormal with increase in numbers when used with blood cells
-pathy disease condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visually examining with an endoscope
-sis state of; condition
-tomy process of cutting, incision
-y process, condition
a-,an- no,not,without
aut-, auto- self, own
dia- through, complete
end-, endo- within
epi- above, upon
ex- out
exo- outside of, outward
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
hypo deficient, below;under, less than normal
in- into, in
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
sub- below. under
trans- across, through
Prefix Word beginnings
Suffix Word endings
Root The foundation of a word
Combining vowels A letter linking a suffix and a root, or linking two roots, in a term
Combining form The combination of a root and a combining vowel
Diagnosis Complete knowledge of a patient's condition
Epidermis Outermost layer of skin
Hematoma Collection of blood below the skin
Psychiatric Pertaining to treatment of the mind
Oncology Study of malignant tumors
adenitis Inflammation of the gland
adenoma Tumor of a gland
adenopathy A disease condition of a gland- often elargement
anemia Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction
arthalgia Pain of a joint
arthritis Inflammation of joint
autopsy Examination of a body after death ti determine the cause of death
biology Study of life
biopsy Process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination
Carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer
Carcinoma Cancerous or malignant tumor
Cardiac Pertaining to the heart
Cardiology Study of the heart
Cephalic Pertaining to the head
Cerebral Pertaining to the cerebrum-largest part of the brain
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder
Cytoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder
Cytology Study of cells
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Dermatology Study of the skin
Electrocardiogram Record of the electricity within the heart
Electroencephalogram Record of the electricity within the brain
Endocrine glands Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream
Endocrinologist Specialist in the study of the endocrine glands
Endocrinology Study of the endocrine glands
Endoscope Instrument to visually examine within the body
Enteritis Inflammation of the small intestine
Enteropathy Disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine
Epigastric Pertaining to above or upon the stomach
Enthrocyte Red blood cell
Excision Process of cutting out; removal; resection
Exocrine glands Glands tat secrete chemicals to the outside of the body
gastrectomy Excision or removal of the stomach
Gastric Pertaining to the stomach
gastroenterology Study of the stomach and intestines
Gastrotomy Incision or process of cutting
Gynecologist Specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system
Gynecology Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system
Hematology Study of blood and blood disorders+
Hematoma Collection or mass of blood
Hemoglobin Blood protein contained in red blood cells
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver
Hepatoma Tumor of the liver; hepatocellular
Hyperglycemia High levels of sugar in the bloodstream; often associated with diabetes mellitis
Hyperthyroidism Secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine-thyroid hormone, or T4
Hypodermic Pertaining to under the skin
Hypogastric Pertaining to below the stomach
Iatrogenic Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure
Incision Process of cutting into or making an incision
Leukemia Disease of high numbers of malignant white blood cells
Leukocyte White blood cell
Leukocytosis Slight increase in white blood cells
Nephrectomy Removal of a kidney
Nephritis Inflammation of a kidney
Nephrology Study of the kidneys and kidney disease
Nephrosis Abnormal condition of the kindney
Neural Pertaining to nerves
Neuralgia Pain of nerves
Oncologist Specialist in the study of tumors, particularly malignant growths
Oncology Study of tumors particularly malignant growths
Ophthalmologist Specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders
phthalmoscope Instrument used by an ophthalmologist
Osteitis Inflammation of a bone
Osteoarthritis Inflammation of the bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints
Osteotomy Incision of a bone
Pathogenic Pertaining to producing disease
Pathologist A specialist in the study of disease
Pathology Study of disease
Pediatric Pertaining to treatment of children
Pericardium The sac surrounding the heart
Prognosis State of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness
Prostate gland A gland in men that surrounds the neck of the urinary bladder and urethra. IT produces a fluid which, after combining with sperm cells, leaves the body as semen
Psychiatrist Specialist in treatment of the mind
Psychiatry Treatment of the mind
Psychology Study of the mind
Radiology Study of x-rays and related procedures for diagnosis
Renal Pertaining to the kidney
Resection Removal or excision of an organ or part of the body
Retrocardiac Pertaining to behind the heart
rhinitis Inflammation of the nose
Sarcoma Tumor(malignant) of fleshy tissue such as bone, muscle,fat, and cartilage
Subhepatic Pertaining to below the liver
Thrombocyte A cell that helps blood to clot; a platelet
Transhepatic Pertaining to through or across the liver
Urology Study of the urinary tract
Created by: manuntd24



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