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A&P Skeletal Sys

Axial Skeleton

Name the bones of the Skull Frontal, lateral/medial Parietal and Temporal, Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid
Frontal bone structures/holes Supraorbital Foramen Glabella
Temporal Bone structures/holes Zygomatic Process, mandibular fossa, External Auditory Meatus, Mastoid Process, Styloid process, jugular foramen, carotid foramen/canal, Internal acoustic meatus
Occipital Bone structures/holes Occipital Condyle, Foramen Magnum
Sphenoid Bone structures/holes Sella Turcica, optic foramina, Lesser wing, Superior orbital fissure, Greater Wing, foramen ovale
Ethmoid bone structures/holes crista galli, cribiform plates, olfactory foramina
Maxilla structures/holes infraorbital foramen, palatine processes, incisive foramen
Mandible structures/holes mandibular symphysis, mental foramina, body, angle, rami, mandibular condyle, mandibular notch, coronoid process, alveoli (margins around teeth)
paired bone posterior to palatine processes palatine bone
zygomatic process connects the temporal bone to this facial bone... zygomatic bone
This bone is located in throat above larynx. Serves as point of attachment for many tongue and neck muscles hyoid bone
Blade shaped bone in median plane of nasal cavity; forms posterior and inferior nasal septum vomer
bone medial to either maxilla directly inferior to the glabella Nasal Bone
Bones that are to either side of the sagittal suture? Parietal bones
What suture divides the parietal and temporal bones? The squamous suture
What suture divides the parietal and occipital bones? lamboid suture
What suture divides the frontal bone from the parietal bones? Coronal suture
What are the curved bones protruding medially form the lateral walls of the nasal cavity? inferior nasal conchae
What is the name of the fingernail sized bones forming a part of the medial orbit walls b/w maxilla (more superficial) and the ethmoid (deeper in reference to this bone)? lacrimal bone
What are the 8 identifying areas on the Atlas of the cervical vertebrae? posterior tubercle, posterior arch, transverse process, *transverse foramen*, anterior tuburcle, *inferior articular facet*,superior articular facet, vertebral foramen
Remembering trick of the atlas Face lying prone (inferior view): face with widely spaced eyes(inferior articular facet). Chin(posterior tubercle), Cheeks(Posterior arch), Ears(Transverse Processes) with the canals(transverse foramen), Top of head(anterior arch), vertebral foramen
8 Identifying marks of the Axis? Odontoid Process, Body, Superior articular facet, transverse process, transverse foramen, spinous process, inferior articular facet, vertebral foramen
Cervical vertebrae difference transverse foramen*
Thoracic vertebrae difference rib facet*
Similarities b/w vertebrae -spinous process, -vertebral foramen, -superior/inferior articular process -superior/inferior articular facet -body -transverse process
Lumbar vertebrae difference no transverse foramen or rib facet
Sacrum (5 fused vertebrae) Sacral canal sacral promentory posterior sacral foramina median sacral crest
description of where the 4 defining characteristics of the sacrum can be found. sacrum: sacral canal viewed fr the superior posterior angle with multiple posterior sacral foramina linearly arranged on either side of the median sacral crest. On the anterior side,the most superior portion of the sacrum is called the sacral promentory.
Name the bone that has (3-5 fused vertebrae) Coccyx
Sternum -jugular notch -clavicular notch -manubrium -sternal angle -body -xiphoid process
Ribs -costal cartilage -false rib -tubercle -head -floating rib -shaft -true rib -neck
Which ribs are considered true? # to # Ribs 1-7
Which ribs are considered false ribs? # to # Ribs 8-12
Created by: michellengo2



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