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Endocrine System BA

Produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. Ovaries.
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain. Pituitary Gland.
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics. Testes
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Adrenal Glands
Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ. Hypothalamus
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). Bones and Muscles
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Testes or Ovaries
Prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH). Mammary Glands
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Adrenal Cortex
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). Thyroid
An autoimmune problem involving the thyroid gland. Graves' Disease
Hyposecretion of growth hormone. Pituitary Dwarfism
Hyposecretion of the pancreas. Diabetes Mellitus
Hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex. Addison's Disease
Hypersecretion of growth hormone. Acromegaly
Hyposecretion of the thyroid in adults. Myxedema.
Hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex. Cushing's Desease
Hyposecretion of the thyroid in infants. Cretinism
In humans, melatonin may inhibit sexual maturation. True
The antagonistic hormones that regulate the blood calcium level are calcitonin-parathormone. True
Both "turn on" factors (hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli) and "turn off" factors (feedback inhibition and others) may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system. True
ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones. True
LH is also referred to as a gonadotropin. True
With age, chronic stress increases blood levels of cortisol and appears to contribute to memory deterioration. True
Oxytocin is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions. True
Type 2 diabetics may reflect declining receptor sensitivity to insulin rather than decreased insulin production. True
The prime metabolic effect of cortisol is gluconeogenesis. True
The beta cells are the pancreatic islet cells that produce insulin. True
Atrial natriuretic peptide is a hormone that controls blood pressure in part by increasing the urinary excretion sodium. True
Although glucagon is a small polypeptide, it is nevertheless very potent in its regulatory effects. True
The thyroid gland is a large gland that controls metabolic functions throughout the life of an individual. True
Many hormone synthesized in the gastrointestinal tract are chemically identical to brain neurotransmitters. True
All of the following hormones are secreted by the adenohypophysis: ACTH, FSH, and LH. True
Iodine is an essential element required for the synthesis of thyroxine. True
The endocrine gland that is probably malfunctioning if a person has a high metabolic rate is the parathyroid. False
Gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver due to the action of Cortisol
Normal development of the immune response is due in part to hormones produced by the Thymus Gland
Virtually all of the protein or amino acid-based hormones exert their effects through intracellular Second messengers
Which of the following is not a category of endocrine gland stimulus? Enzyme
Chemical substances secreted by cells into the extracellular fluids and that regulate the metabolic function of other cells in the body are called Hormones
The hypothalamic-hypophyseal tract is partly contained within the infundibulum
Which of the following is not a cardinal sign of diabetes mellitus polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia are all signs
Which of the choices below is not a factor required for target cell activation by hormone receptor interaction type of hormone
Oxytocin release is an example of a positive feedback control mechanism
ADH is inhibited by alcohol
Thyroid hormone exerts its influence by entering some cells and binding to intracellular receptors within the nuclei
Gonadocorticoid(s) production by the adrenal gland is insignificant compared with sex hormone release from the gonads during late puberty
Created by: Demure_Dulcet



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