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Praxis II PLT Theory

Praxis II PLT Theorists and Theories

QuestionAnswerConcepts Taught
Jerome Bruner Constructivism and Discovery Learning Theory A theory that focuses on the students ability to construct new ideas based on previous knowledge. They can then use this knowledge to discover information. Spiraling education.
John Dewey Learn through experience The idea that students should be taught how to think and become active learners. This theory also believes that teachers and students need more academic autonomy in the classroom.
Erik Erikson Eight Stages of Human Development (based on a conflict that must be resolved) 1) Infancy/Trust 2) Toddler/Autonomy.doubt 3) Early Childhood/Initiative.guilt 4) Elementary/Competence 5) Adolescence/Identity 6) Young Adult/Intimacy 7) Middle Adult/Generativity 8) Late Adult/Integrity
Lawrence Kohlberg Moral Development Developed a theory that includes six stages of moral development including pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional
Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of needs 1) Physiological 2) Safety 3) Love 4) Esteem 5) Self-actualization
Maria Montessori Follow the child The Learning process involves three stages: 1) Learn about a concept 2) Process the concept through exploration and practice 3) Knowledge including ability to teach the concept.
Jean Piaget Stages of Cognitive Development 1) Sensorimotor 2) Pre-operational 3) Concrete operational 4) Formal Operational
B.F. Skinner Operant Conditioning Stimulus response
Lev Vygotsky Zone of Proximal Development Learning that takes place at or just higher (with help) than independence learning could.
Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligences Students have basic intelligences they use to learn including verbal, mathematical, visual, kenesthetic, musical, intrapersonal (inner-emotional), interpersonal (social), and natural.
Nitza Hidalgo Levels of Culture Concrete, Behavioral, Symbolic
Luis Mull Funds of Knowledge The unknown resources of knowledge within a community that the school/teacher may be unaware of.
Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory Theorist found that children learn by observing others through modeling or viewing others' experiences.
Created by: alcurtis