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Echo Glossary

Clinical echocardiogrphy glossary

2D Two-dimensional
3D Three-dimensional
A-long Apical long-axis
A-mode Amplitude mode
A late diastolic ventricular filling velocity with atrial contraction
A' diastolic tissue Doppler velocity with atrial contraction
A2C apical two-chamber
A4C apical four-chamber
AcT acceleration time
AF atrial fibrillation
AMVL anterior mitral valve leaflet
ant anterior
Ao aortic or aorta
AR aortic regurgitation
AS aortic stenosis
ASD atrial septal defect
ATVL anterior tricuspid valve leaflet
AV atrioventricular
AVA aortic valve area
AVR aortic valve replacement
BAV bicupid aortic valve
BP blood pressure
BSA body surface area
c propagation velocity of sound in tissue
CAD coronary artery disease
cath cardiac catheterization
Cm specific heat of tissue
cm/s centimeters per second
cm centimeters
CMR cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
CO Cardiac output
cos cosine
CS coronary sinus
CSA cross-sectional area
CT computed tomography
CW continuous-wave
Cx circumflex coronary artery
D diameter
DA descending aorta
dB decibels
dP/dt rate of change in pressure over time
dT/dt rate of increase in temperature over time
dyne . s . cm-5 units of resistance
E early-diastolic peak velocity
E' early-diastolic tissue Doppler velocity
ECG electrocardiogram
echo echocardiography
ED end-diastole
EDD end-diastole dimension
EDV end-diastole volume
EF ejection fraction
endo endocardium
epi epicardium
EPSS E-point septal separation
EROA effective regurgitant orifice area
ES end-systole
ESD end-systolic dimension
ESV end-systolic volume
ETT exercise treadmill test
f frequency
FL false lumen
Fn near field
Fo resonance frequency
Fs scattered frequency
FSV forward stroke volume
Ft transmitted frequency
HCM hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
HOCM hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
HPRF high pulse repetition frequency
HR heart rate
HV hepatic vein
Hz Hertz
I intensity of ultrasound exposure
IAS interatrial septum
ID indicator dilution
inf inferior
IV intravenous
IVC inferior vena cava
IVCT isovolumic contraction time
IVRT isovolumic relaxation time
kHz kilohertz
l length
LA left atrium
LAA left atrial appendage
LAD left anterior descending coronary artery
LAE left atrial enlargement
lat lateral
LCC left coronary cusp
LMCA left main coronary artery
LPA left pulmonary artery
LSPV left superior pulmonary vein
L-TGA corrected transposition of the great arteries
LV left ventricle
LV-EDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
LVID left ventricular internal dimension
LVOT left ventricular outflow tract
M-mode motion display
MAC mitral annular calcification
MI myocardial infarction
MR mitral regurgitation
MS mitral stenosis
MV mitral valve
MVA mitral valve area
MVL mitral valve leaflet
MVR mitral vavle replacement
n number of subjects
NBTE nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis
NCC noncoronary intervention
P pressure
PA pulmonary artery
PAP pulmonary artery pressure
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA patent ductus arteriosus or posterior
PE pericardial effusion
PEP preejection period
PET positron-emission tomography
PISA proximal isovelocity surface area
PLAX parasternal long-axis
PM papillary muscle
PMVL posterior mitral vavle leaflet
post Posterior
PR pulmonic regurgitation
PRF pulse repetition frequency
PRFR peak rapid filling rate
PS pulmonic stenosis
PSAX parastenal short axis
PV pulmonary vein
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance
PWT posterior wall thickness
Q volume flow rate
Qp pulmonic volume flow rate
Qs systemic volume flow rate
r correlation coefficient
R ventricular radius
Rfr regurgitant instantaneous flow rate
RA right atrium
RAE right atrial enlargement
RAO right anterior oblique
RAP right atrial pressure
RCA right coronary artery
RCC right coronary cusp
Re Reynolds number
RF regurgitant fraction
RJ regurgitant jet
Ro radius of microbubble
ROA regurgitant orifice area
RPA right pulmonary artery
RSPV right superior pulmonary artery
RSV regurgitant stroke volume
RV right ventricle
RVE right ventriclar enlargement
RVH right ventriclar hypertrophy
RVOT right ventriclar outflow tract
s second
SAM systolic anterior motion
SC subcostal
SEE standard error of the estimate
SPPA spatial peak pulse average
SPTA spatial peak temporal average
SSN suprasternal notch
ST septal thickness
STJ sinotublar junction
STVL septal tricuspid vavle leaflet
SV stroke volume or sample volume
SVC superior vena cava
T1/2 pressure half-time
TD thermodilution
TEE transesophagel echocardiography
TGA transposition of the great arteries
TGC time gain compensation
Th wall thickness
TL true lumen
TN true negatives
TOF tetralogy of Fallot
TP true positives
TPV time to peak velocity
TR tricuspid regurgitation
TS tricuspid stenosis
TSV total stroke volume
TTE transthoracic echocardiography
TV tricuspid valve
v velocity
V volume or velocity
VAS ventriculo-atrial septum
Veg vegetation
Vmax maximum velocity
VSD ventricular septal defect
VTI velocity-time integral
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
Z acoustic impedance
Created by: steffy73sc
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