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FDLE OBJ- Traffic


BOB stands for Back of the Book BoB
The Florida agency responsible for issuing driver licenses, motor vehicle titles, license plates, and vessel registrations, and for overseeing the Florida Highway Patrol Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV)-BoB
A special authorization printed on a Florida Driver License permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or to transport certain number of passengers Endorsement -BoB
A permit granting the privilege to drive to a Florid resident who passes the DHSMV test Florida driver License -BoB
Wording printed on a Florida driver License that signals an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status Informational alert -BoB
Gathering information for law enforcement purposes (also includes entering, running, vehicle check, records check, wants and warrants check) Querying -BoB
The language printed on a Florida driver license that may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meets certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle Restriction -BoB
The temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by an officer fro an investigative purpose Traffic stop -BoB
Unequal treatment of any person including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting based solely or primarily because of discrimination Discriminatory profiling or bias-based profiling
The less numerous segment of a population that differs from the majority and is often subjected to differential treatment Minority
The general speed and direction of vehicle or pedestrian movement Traffic flow
The alternating flashes of the vehicle lights, strobe, flashers, and other lights Wig wags
Used in traffic stops in which the officer calls the driver to the patrol vehicle to acquire information instead of approaching the vehicle directly No approach tactics
Traffic stop position where the wheels of the police officer's vehicle should be turned outward so the patrol vehicle may be deflected away from the violator's vehicle if the patrol vehicle is struck from behind Offset position
This position creates a potential safety corridor where an officer can walk when approaching the violator's vehicle Offset position
The plastic housing around the column's base that has been popped open, exposing the ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car; key portion of the ignition key area has been removed, exposing the ignition bar Popped or splatted ignition
A bluff safety technique in which an officer, after the suspect(s) and occupant(s) are out of the vehicle, checks for another hidden occupant Plus one rule
Are among the most frequently performed activities by law enforcement officers Motor vehicle or traffic stops
Florida's Uniform Disposition of Traffic Infractions Act (F.S. 318.14) does this Decriminalizes most traffic violations
Violations of the F.S. Chapter 316 are deemed infractions which are non-criminal violations that may be punished by: Fines, costs, driving school, and community service hours but not by incarceration
Depending on the statutory definition of the infraction, an infraction is either a: Moving or non-moving violation
A criminal violation will be either a: Misdemeanor or felony
Florida Statutory Chapter 316 covers: Uniform Traffic Control Law- covers anything relating to the vehicle in motion
Florida Statutory Chapter 320 covers: Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration
Florida Statutory Chapter 322 covers: Driver's Licenses
Agency responsible for issuing driver licenses, motor vehicle titles, license plates and vessel registrations as well as overseeing the Florida Highway Patrol according to F.S. 322.15 Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV)
Florida Driver License (FDL) cards include several different types and classes and are identified by color headers. Green border represents: Class D and E Licenses
Florida Driver License (FDL) cards include several different types and classes and are identified by color headers. Blue border represents: Commercial Driver Licenses (CDL)---Classes A, B, and C
An officer should attach a driver's license to the citation and submit it to the (DHSMV)if the license is confiscated due to: Suspension, mutilation, or revoked or altered data
A Class C drivers license is required for driver's of vehicles transporting: Hazardous materials in sufficient amounts to require placards or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 persons including the driver with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs
A Class E drivers license is required for driver's of vehicles of: Non-commercial motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating less than 26,001 pounds, including passenger cars, 15-passenger(including driver) vans, trucks or recreational vehicles, and 2 or 3 wheel motor vehicles 50cc or less(mopeds or small scooters)
Farmers and drivers of authorized emergency vehicles who are exempt from obtaining a commercial driver license must: Obtain a Class E license
Discriminatory or bias-based profiling is discrimination based on a person's: Race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status
The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees every person: Within the U.S. equal protection under the law
In Mapp v. Ohio the Supreme Court declared that no state: Can limit constitutional rights of equal protection under the 14th Amendment; every person is entitle to be treated the same under similar circumstances
When stopped traffic violators typically react with: Embarrassment, anger, fear, and excuses
A proper and professional traffic stop can be done by: greeting the driver, maintaining a pleasant expression, allowing driver to talk, and the rest of the following Not arguing with the violator, not lecturing violator, keeping the detention time as short as possible, ending with "thank you", provide citizen with name & badge#, eliminating racially charged stereotypes, racial jokes and epithets from his or her speech
Under no circumstance can an officer justify acting in an unprofessional or: Racially discriminatory manner
Officers may issue hundreds of citations without generating a citizen complaint often receiving a verbal "thank you" from the cited motorists by treating violator with: Courtesy, respect and dignity
Officer-driver interaction beings when: The officer signals the driver to stop
Certain roadway and traffic conditions may increase the potential for particular traffic violations, these can include: Merge areas, intersections, and acceleration lanes
The following may affect the traffic flow, slowing drivers and causing congestion: Weather conditions, school zones, construction zones and neighborhood activities
When working in stationary mode officers should choose a safe parking place to watch for traffic violations, such places are: Wide shoulder off the roadway, available parking areas, and areas with unobstructed sight of violations and oncoming traffic. Where not blocking traffic and can enter roadway quickly and safely
To ensure the correct vehicle is being stopped the officer should: Maintain constant visual observation of the vehicle from the time of the violation until the stop is made
In addition to keeping constant visual contact with a vehicle officers should also note: Vehicle's description (type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state issued), driver's description (glasses, hat, beard, etc.), passenger information and vehicle descriptors (condition, bumper stickers or decals, dents, toolbox)
Once the decision to stop has been made the following information must be provided to dispatch: Officer's current location (street, plus cross-street or house number), direction of travel, vehicle and state issued, description of vehicle, number of occupant and descriptions if possible
The following are major considerations when selecting the safest proper location to make the stop: Lighting, population, width of road and shoulder, traffic congestion, level of visibility, presence of hills and curves
Special caution should be take when conducting stops in areas where children are present and not make a stop at or in the following: On a curve, ramp, or crest of a hill, close to a exit ramp, or where road conditions could cause other vehicles to hit the patrol vehicle
To communicate to the driver to stop the violator the officer should: Pull directly behind vehicle and in safe area turn on emergency equipment
Emergency notification equipment includes: Emergency lights, siren, headlights, PA system, and horn
F.S. statue 316.216 explains the legal right to use: Lights and sirens to get the violator's attention during a traffic stop.
Several indicators show the violator is aware and anticipating the stop, the violator may: Look into the rearview mirror and make eye contact with the officer, signal a lane change to pull over, or suddenly slow down
Each driver reacts differently to emergency lights, some: Panic and might stop in the left lane, skid to a stop or swerve. Others ignore the lights (tap siren for 1-2 seconds)
Important for officer safety and survival to conceal an officer from the violator's view is the use of: High beam, spotlight, and takedown lights
During the traffic stop the overhead emergency lights should be left activated to: Warn oncoming traffic
As a general rule the patrol vehicle should be positioned how far behind the violator's vehicle: One and a half to two car lengths
If backup is requested the backup officers' vehicle(s) should be parked: Safe distance behind the primary. Depending on location of stop and environmental conditions (offset to left or right of primary patrol vehicle)
Before approaching the violator's vehicle an officer should: Assess the degree of danger
One clue to possible danger when an officer is approaching a vehicle is if the occupants are: Nervously watching the officer
Suspicious movements an officer must maintain constant observation for that may suggest danger are: Moving towards the floorboard or backseat, excessive motion that seems beyond natural curiosity or rigid, wooden posture (which may indicate occupants who are frightened or poised for action)
The following are indications that the license plate may not belong to the vehicle: Way the plate is attached (bolts, wire), age of attachment relative to plate (shiny new bolts/dirty plate), expired expiration sticker, overspray paint on license plate, presence of dead insects on the tag(suggesting it was front plate of another vehicle)
A vehicle heavily weighed down in the rear can indicate that the vehicle could be carrying: Stolen merchandise, drugs, tools, a person, or a corpse
The officer should approach the violator's vehicle cautiously using: All senses to assess the situation
At night the officer's flashlight should be kept off while approaching the vehicle until: Contact is made with the driver and other occupants
The driver may be verbally directed back to the patrol vehicle by using: A commanding voice or a PA system
To portray professionalism and respect along with sufficient assertiveness an officer should make sure his or her: Expression, tone of voice, body position, gestures and words
Important considerations when interviewing the driver and/or passengers are: Observation skills, safe positioning, and safe distance
In accordance with agency policy the officer should courteously explain the reason for the stop and: Request the require documentation
According to Florida Statue 322.15, 320.0605, 316.646 drivers in Florida must provide: A driver's license, vehicle registration and proof of insurance upon request
The only occupant compelled to provide documentation unless other occupants are suspected of a crime or violation(such as seat belt) is: The driver
If identification is needed from occupants officers should request the following documents that provide the most accurate personal information: Dr Lic or state-issued ID card, residence car for non-citizens (green card), military ID, school picture ID, SSN card (according to agency policy and procedures)
When an undercover officer has been stopped for a traffic violation he or she may no present law enforcement identification to the officer who pulled him over an officer can: Verify with dispatch his employment and official status. Agency policy and procedures should be followed in these situations
In the case of traffic violations officers often use discretion and flexibility in judgment and may issue: Warning, citation, or make an arrest as appropriate
The decision that affects officers decision of discretion and flexibility are: The law, agency policy, and the violation's circumstances
This discretion applies only to: Traffic violations and misdemeanor offenses, with some exceptions for misdemeanor offenses
An officer should write a citation when: Clear violation which is not satisfactorily excused or justified by situation, when agency policy supports the writing of the citation, and if the violation affected others (making drivers swerve or brake suddenly)
The Florida Uniform Traffic Citation is designed in how many color coded parts: Four carbon paper parts for ease of use and distribution
The white part of the UTC are submitted to: Local clerk of the county court
The blue part of the UTC are submitted to: Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
The yellow part of the UTC are submitted to: The violator
The pink part of the UTC are submitted to: The officer's agency
Upon receipt of each book the officer should inspect the UTC book to ensure that: Citations are in correct numeric sequence and contains 25 four-part citations
Under no circumstances is it permissible for one law enforcement agency to transfer citations to: Another law enforcement agency
When dealing with the Signature of Violator on the UTC, if the violator refuses or is unable to sign the citation, write in the space provided: "Refused to sign" or " Unable to sign". If violator signs with an "X", sign underneath indicating you witnessed the signature
The officer should explain the violator's five options for responding to the citation, which are listed and explained: In detail on the back of the violator's (yellow) copy
The five options to responding to a citation are to: Pay a civil penalty, elect(request) a hearing in traffic court, elect to attend and complete a Driver Improvement Course, enter plea (no contest), present valid (dr lic, tag, registration, insurance) to Clerk of Courts and pay court cost
If violator refuses to sign officer should communicate to him/her that signature on the UTC is not an admission of guilt or waiver of rigths, if violator refuses: Officer should place him/her under arrest and issue another UTC for refusal to sign a citation
Officers shoul maintain a professional and courteous manner with drivers and passengers throughout the traffic stop and should no do the following: Argue the merits of the citation or tell the driver to "Have a nice day", since this could be interpreted as offsensive or derogative
The primary objectives of a high risk traffic stop in an officer being able to recognize: Suspect vehicle from a BOLO, properly relay what he or she observed, safely stop suspect vehicle, keep self and public safe, apprehend suspects
To meet the objectives of a high risk traffic stop an officer can not work alone but must: Coordinate closely with dispatch and communicate to other officers all pertinent information concerning the suspect vehicle
A traffic stop is never Routine
The risk increases both for the officer and public when an officer knows in advance that a vehicle has been: Reported stolen, seen in commission of felony, when the driver or occupant is suspected of a crime in progress or felony
A high risk stop can also referred to as: Felony traffic stop
Using these skills are especially critical during high risk stops: Listening, observing, and communicating
To identify a suspect vehicle an officer must be able to: Recall its description from a BOLO
The BOLO description requires officers to match identification points including: Vehicle ID(make, model, year, color, tag#, special markings), vehicle special markings (neon lights, bumper sticker, writing on window), Driver description, number of occupants, vehicle direction and speed
As an officer begins the high risk traffic stop process he or she will give dispatch the following: His or her location, vehicle's location and travel direction, vehicle's description-make, model, color, and special identifiers (damage or bumper stickers), number and description of occupants, tag number and state, suspected crimes and weapons
When there is probable cause to initiate a high risk stop the officer should follow the suspect vehicle until: Backup arrives and a safe stopping location is identified.
When there is probable cause to initiate a high risk stop the officer should, until backup arrives: Maintain visual survillance with the suspect vehicle
While an officer is waiting for backup to arrive for a traffic stop, and circumstances change the officer must update backup and dispatch of the suspect's: Vehicle's movement and route, suspect activity, and weapon or contraband information
An important role of the primary officer in a traffic stop is to update backup and dispatch of: Suspect's vehicle's movement and route, suspect activity, and weapon or contraband information
Throughout the surveillance of the suspect vehicle the officer should maintain communicationwith dispatch so the officer's backup knows: Primary office's location
While following the vehilce waiting for backup the primary officer should periodically request: Location and estimated time of arrival(ETA) of the backup units to keep from waiting in vain
An accurate ETA of backup allors for: Planning the best stopping location
The key to safely conducting a high risk traffic stop is a officer's: Knowledge of his or her work zone
A safe stopping site for a high risk traff stop is: Visible to officers and oncoming traffic, away from heavy pedestrain traffic, away from heavy vehicle traffic, and large enough to accommodate backup units, straight road (vs curvy), rural area (vs business area) and has light traffic
A visibile stopping site for a high risk traffic stop has: Unobstructed view between the suspect vehicle, patrol units, and oncoming traffic
The primary officer should choose a site with enough: Roadway width to accommodate two or more patrol vehicles
When there is enough backup to initiate the high risk stop the primary officer should give dispatch: Location of the stop, occupant's actions and behavior, and request a secure channel for emergency traffic
The officer should keep emergency lights activated throughout the: Entire stop
Using blinding light is effective both day and night, an officer should use patrol vehicle's Takedown lights, high beams, and spotlight to illuminate a suspect vehicle's interior
Under a normal traffic stop, the spacing between suspect and patrol vehicles is one and a half to two car lengths, but under a high risk stop the spacing is: Increased to provide the officer with more protection. Situation and agency policies will dictate
The high risk traffic stop usually involves: Multiple backup units
This formation is used when the stop involves two or more backup officers: "The wedge" creating a "V" shape witht he two patrol vehicles
The patrol vehicle is the most effective and readily available cover to an officer during a high risk stop, officers can remain: Seated in the vehicle, exit the vehicle, or crouch behind the vehicles' door-- according to agency policy
Assumes command of the high risk traffic stop: Primary officer
An officer should identify him/herself as a law enforcement officer stating name and agency to the vehicle occupants using the: Vehicle PA system
The driver should be told to turn off your engine, remove and place his key outside on the roof of his vehicle using his: Left hand
All occupants of a vehicle will be removed from the vehicle: One by one after each is secured
Created by: goarmy