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Chapter 5

Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
achalasia failure of lower esophagus sphincter
anal fistula abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus gas
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic disease of the liver
colonic polyps polyps (benign growths) of the colon
colorectal cancert adenocarcinoma of the colon/rectum
constipation difficulty pasing stool
crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
diarrhea loose watery stool
diverticulosis pouch-like herniations in the intestinal wall
dysentery painful, inflamed intestines caused by bacterial infection
dysphagia difficulty swalling
eructation belching
esophageal cancer malignant tumor of the esophagus
esophageal varices swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
flatus gas out the anus
gallbaldder the organ that stores bile
gastric cancer malignant tumor of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux heartburn,fluids return to mouth from stomach
hematochezia bright red blood fromt he rectum
hemorrhoids swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
hernia protrusion of an organ
ileus loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
jaundice yellow-orange color of skin & eyes
liver produces bile
melena black stool containing old blood
nausea sickness in stomach tendency to vomit
pancreas endocrine gland releases insulin into the blood and exocrine gland releases digestive enzymes
pancreatic cancer malignant tumor of the pancreas
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
peptic ulcer open sore in lining of the stomach
peristalsis rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the esophagus into the stomach
sphincter ring of muscle
steatorrhea fat in stook, frothy, foul-smell
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon wth presence of ulcers
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
volvulus twisting of the intestine
Created by: lsauvron