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Dermatology/Skin

Integumentary System

QuestionAnswer
The word that means "pertaining to the skin" is integumentary
The skin consists of how many layers? two
The thin, outermost layer of the skin is called the epidermis
The thicker layer of the skin beneath the epidermis is called the dermis
The dead cells on our skin are constantly being sloughed off or shed in a process called exfoliation
The pigment cells in our skin that produce melanin are called melanocytes
The sebaceous glands secrete a type of oil called sebum
The glands that opne onto the surface of the skin through a pore and contain water;sodium, and small amounts of body wastes are called sweat glands
Another term for sweat glands is _____________ glands. sudoiferous
The whitish half-moon on the nail is called the lunula
An exocrine gland secretes in which direction? outward
The combining form that means "away from; external;outward" is ex/o
The suffix that means "thing that secretes" is called -crine
The combining form that means "sebum" is sebace/o
The prefix that means "through; throughout" is per-
The combining forms "pil/o and trich/o" both mean hair
The combining form "spir/o" means breath
The combining form "sudor/i" means sweat
The combining form that means "follicule;small sac" is follicul/o
The combining form that means "to stand up" is erect/o
Each hair forms in a hair follicle
The edge of dead cells arising from the skin along the proximal end of the nail is called the cuticle
Another word for "adipose" is fat
The combining form "lun/o" means moon
The suffix -ula means small thing
The prefix that means "below; underneath; less than" is sub-
The combining form "adip/o" means fat
The suffix "-ous" means full of
The combining form "lip/o" means lipid
The suffix "-cyte" means cell
The combining form "cutane/o" means skin
The combining forms "onych/o and ungu/o" mean nail
The suffix that means "waxy substance" is -cere
The combining form that means "other;strange" is all/o
The combining form that means "activity; work" is erg/o
The suffix that means "activity; process of working" is -ergy
The combining form that means "affected by; sensitive to" is sensitiv/o
The combining form that means "in one place" is loc/o
The combining form that means "the body as a whole" is system/o
The prefix that means "apart from; excessive" is ana-
The suffix that means "condition of guarding or protecting" is -phylaxis
THe combining form that means "guarding, protecting" is phylact/o
The combining form "integument/o" means skin
The combining forms "derm/o, dermat/o and derm/a" mean skin
The combining form that means "cellular layer" is theli/o
The combining form "foli/o" means leaf
The combining form that means "cornea; hard" is kerat/o
The combining form "melan/o" means black
The combining forms "hidr/o and diaphore/o" means -sweat
Cells that store fat are called lipocytes
The prefix that means "outside of" is extra-
Excessive amounts of fluid from the blood in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue is called edema
The word that means "infection or inflammation of the skin" is dermatitis
The word that means "excessive flow of blood" is hemorrhage
The common word for the medical term ecchymosis and contusion is bruise
Pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin from ruptured capillaries are called petechiae
An elevated, localized collection of blood under the skin is called a hematoma
Any benign or malignant new growth that occurs on or in the skin is called a neoplasm
The combining form that means "new growth" is ne/o
The suffix that means "growth; formed substance" is -plasm
The combining form that means "intentionally causing harm; cancer" is malign/o
The combining form that means "bladder; fluid-filled sac" is vesic/o
The medical term for "freckle or flat circle" is macule
The medical term for "acne pimple" is papule
A small cracklike crevice in the skin is called a fissure
The combining form that means "blood in the tissue" is ecchym/o
The combining form that means "bruising" is contus/o
The suffix that means "excessive flow or discharge" is -rrhage
The combining form "fiss/o" means splitting
Flat to slightly elevated, thin flakes that are known as dandruff or psoriasis are called scales
Intense itching is known as pruritis
The combining form "prurit/o" means itching
The combing form "xer/o" means dry
The suffix "-derma" means skin
A combining form that means "pertaining to the skin" is cutane/o
The combining form that means "full of fat" is adip/o
The combining form that means "pertaining to the nail" is ungu/o
An infestation of lice is called pediculosis
The medical word for "wart" is verruca
Skin infecton caused by a fungus is known as tinea
The medical term for the fungul infection known as "athletes foot" is tinea pedis
The common term for Herpes Simplex virus Type 1 is cold sore
Herpes Simplex Type 2 is known as genital herpes
A furuncle is commonly known as a boil
A group of large boils with connecting chambers is called a carbuncle
THe rash known as Herpes Varicella-zoster during childhood is known as chicken pox
The name of the Herpes Varicella -zoster virus that manifests later in life due to illness or stress is called shingles
An infestation of parasitic mites that tunnel under the skin and produce vesicles that are itchy is called scabies
An inflammation of the skin is called dermatitis
The medical term for "hives" is urticaria
A congenital growth composed of a mass of superficial and dilated blood vessels is called a hemangioma
A benign growth of adipose tissue from the subcutaneous layer is called a lipoma
The medical term for "birthmark" is nevus
The medical term that means "black tumor" is melanoma
The skin cancer that is commonly seen in AIDS patients is called Kaposi's sarcoma
A tumor of the connective tissues is called a sarcoma
The autoimmune disorder that produces silvery scales that are red and itchy and covered with plaque is called psoriasis
The autoimmune disorder that causes the skin and internal organs to harden is called scleroderma
The combining form that means "hard; sclera" is scler/o
The medical term for a blacknhead is comedo
A fungal infection of the finger nail is called onychomycosis
The presence of excessive hair on the forearms and upper lip of a woman is called hirsutism
The medical word for scar is cicatrix
The type of burn that does not blister is a first degree burn
A bacterial infection of the skin next to the cuticle is called a paronychia
Inflammation or infection of a hair follicle is known as folliculitis
Congenital absence of the sweat glands is called anhidrosis
Profuse sweating is known as diaphoresis
Acute or chronic loss of scalp hair is called alopecia
An overproduction of sebum (oil) particularly on the face and scalp is called seborrhea
the process in which necrotic (dead) tissue is removed from a burn, wound or ulcer is called debridement
A procedure used to drain the pus or fluid from a cyst or abscess is called an incision and drainage
A skin graft that is taken from a cadaver is called an allograft
A skin graft that is taken from an animal (pig) is called a xenograft
A skin graft that is taken from another part of the patient's own body is called an autograft
The procedure to remove excess adipse (fat) tissue from the breasts, abdomen, hips, legs, or buttocks is called liposuction
The combining form "exud/o" means oozing fluid
The combing form that means "life, living tissue: is bi/o
The suffix that means "process of reshaping by surgery" is -plasty
Created by: GKSMS97