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ST cardiovascular and peripheral vascular surgery review

X-rays of an organ in motion cinematoradiogram
a mass of undissoved matter present in or traveling thru a blood vessel, usually an artery embolus
the inner lining of an artery is called ___ tunica intima
the narrowing of the caliber of blood vessels is ___ vasoconstriction
outside of the body extracorporeal
grafts and patches are often made of Teflon or ___ Dacron
hetero, homograft, or artificial are all types of ___? prosthetic heart valves
what is used following a cardiac procedure to drain air, fluid, or a combination from the pt's chest? underwater chest drainage system
what has multiple eyes and is used to flush an artery by injecting heparinized saline solution to prevent further clot formation? irrigating Fogarty catherter
artificial tubes used to divert blood flow from one main route to another or around an obstruction are ___ shunts
What drug increases cardiac muscle and tone; opposes the effect of potassium? Calcium Chloride
What drug neutralizes the action of Heparin; dosage is calculated according to amount of heparin given Protamine Sulfate
what drug is a short-acting cardiac stimulant; increases force of heartbeat? Epinephrine
What drug is given to treat ventricular arrythmias; controls PVC's and prevents development of ventricular fibrillation? Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries with inflammatory changes resulting from fibrous and mineral deposits in the middle layer of the arterial wall is ___ arteriosclerosis
the condition which occurs when a valve loses its ability to close tightly, resulting in the blood flowing back thru the diseased valve into the originating chamber is ___ valvular insufficiency
in what type of aortic aneurysm are all of the layers of the vessel ruptured and the blood is retained by the surrounding tissue? false aneurysm
in what type of aortic aneurysm does the rupture of the inner layer permit blood to escape between the layers of the vessel wall? dissecting aneurysm
What kind of scissors are often used in CV surgery? potts-smith scissors
Are Debakey forceps or Debakey clamps used to clamp the aorta? Debakey Clamps
what kind of clamps are used to control bleeding from lumbar arteries during a AAA? bulldog clamps
what machine is used to temporarily divert blood flow from the heart and lungs to allow the surgeon to perform surgery on the heart or great vessels? cardiopulmonary bypass
what procedure on the aorta does not require a cardiopulmonary bypass? AAA
an AAA is NOT perfomed thru a median ___ incision sternotomy
in cardio surgery, lots of ___ will be used and should be available throughout the procedure drapes
patent ductus arteriosus is an abnormal communication between the aorta and the ___ pulmonary arteries
During a permanent pacemaker implantation, the surgeon inserts the electrode and advances it under direct ____ vision. fluoroscopic
During a permanent pacemaker implantation, the surgeon inserts the electrode and advances it into the ___ atrium, through the triscuspid valve, and into the ___ ventricle right
During a permanent pacemaker implantation, the surgeon performs a venotomy with a #___ blade eleven
During a permanent pacemaker implantation, the surgeon performs a cutdown to isolate the cephalic or ___ vein jugular
In an arteriotomy, the surgeon will use a #11 blade and ___ scissors potts-smith scissors
What bypass procedure uses 2 incisions; one in the groin, and one at the medial side of the knee? Femporal-popliteal
what kind of shunt is inserted into the arm to facillitate hemodialysis in pt's with chronic renal failure? arteriovenous
in an abdominal aortic anuerysmectomy (AAA) with graft implantation, what area besides the abdomen and groin needs to be prepped? both anterior legs to the knees
what is used to control vessels in PV surgery? moist umbilical tape
in an abdominal aortic anuerysmectomy (AAA) with graft implantation, the incision is made form the xyphoid process to the ___ symphysis pubes
in an abdominal aortic anuerysmectomy (AAA) with graft implantation, a 30cc syringe with an __ gauge needle is used to obtain blood from the aorta above the aneurysm for preclotting the graft 18
which wall of an aortic aneurysm is excised? anterior
what scissors are used to excise an aortic aneurysm? metz
what does the surgeon use to flush an artery with heparinized saline? irrigating Fogarty catheter
during a carotid endarterectomy, the surgeon makes a vertical incision along the ___ border of the ___ anterior SCM
Created by: bellajerrent429