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Chapter 15

abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
ab- away from
ad- toward
duct/o to lead
arthr/o joint
-centesis puncture to remove fluid
articulation any type of joint
-trophy development, nourishment
bursa Sac of fluid near a joint; promotes smooth sliding of one tissue against another.
crepitus is the crackling sound produced when ends of bones rub each other or rub against roughened cartilage
dorsi- back
flex/o bend
-ion process
-physis to grow
extension Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a limb.
flexion Decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o curve; swayback
sis state of; condition
osteoarthritis Progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone (formation of osteophytes, or bone spurs) at articular surfaces.
-trophy nourishment; development (condition of)
-asthenia lack of strength
myasthenia gravis Muscles lose strength because of a failure in transmission of the nervous impulse from the nerve to the muscle cell.
myos/o muscle
ossification process of bone formation
-malacia softening
osteomalacia A condition in which vitamin D deficiency leads to decalcification of bones; known as rickets in children
ten/o tendon
oste/o bone
poly- many; much; increased
-algia pain
pronation As applied to the hand and forearm, where the elbow is bent, the act of turning the palm down. As applied to the foot, it is inward roll of the foot/ankle during normal motion
reduction restoration of the bone to its normal position
rheumat/o watery flow
rheumatoid arthritis Chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane.
scoli/o crooked, bent
supination As applied to the hand and forearm, where the elbow is bent, the act of turning the palm up. As applied to the foot, it is outward roll of the foot/ankle during normal motion.
sutures facial bones joints
synovial joints freely movable joints
fracture Traumatic breaking of a bone
Created by: ihan
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