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Previous Med Terms

Common Medical Terms

poly- prefix: many, much
hydr-o cf: water
andr-o cf:male
uni- prefix: one
bi- prefix: two
proxim-o cf: near (the point of attachment of a body part)
medi-o cf: middle
super-o cf: above
poster-o cf: back, behind
dors-o cf: back
later-o cf: side
infer-o cf: below
anter-o cf:front
dist-o cf: away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
-ad suffix: toward
gno-o cf: knowledge
-cyte suffix: cell
pro- prefix: before
my-o cf: muscle
neur-o cf: nerve
hyper- prefix: above, excessive
xanth-o cf: yellow
eti-o cf: cause (of disease)
-oma suffix: tumor, swelling
dia- prefix: through, complete
-oid suffix: resembling
leuk-o cf: white
hist-o sf: tissue
lip-o cf: fat
path-o cf: disease
-logy suffix: study of
-pathy suffix: disease
chlor-o cf: green
-logist suffix: one that studies and treats (specialist, physician)
neo- perfix: new
cancer-o, carcin-o cf: cancer
system-o cf: system
organ-o cf: organ
-spasm suffix: sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
adenoid-o cf: adenoids
epiglott-o cf: epiglottis
bronchi-o, bronch-o cf: bronchus
lob-o cf: lobe
pleur-o cf: pleura
tonsill-o cf: tonsil
sinus-o cf: sinus
trache-o cf: trachea
endo- prefix: within
somn-o cf: sleep
-thorax suffix: chest
-ectomy suffix: surgical removal, excision
-megaly suffix: enlargement
noct-i cf: night
orchid-o, orch-o, orchi-o, test-o cf: testis, testicle
epididym-o cf: epididymis
muc-o cf: mucus
-stasis suffix: standing, control, stop
cyt-o cf: cell
erythr-o cf: red
cyan-o cf: blue
cephal-o cf: head (upward)
-itis suffix: inflammation
-plasty suffix: surgical repair
onych-o, ungu-o cf: nail
cutane-o, derm-o, dermat-o cf: skin
-malacia suffix: softening
sub- prefix: below, under
crypt-o cf: hidden
nas-o, rhin-o cf: nose
hem-o, hemat-o cf: blood
endocrin-o cf: endocrine
pituitar-o cf: pituitary gland
adren-o, adrenal-o cf: adrenal glands
parathyroid-o cf: parathyroid glands
thyroid-o, thyr-o thyroid gland
quadr-i cf: four
mon-o cf: one, single
neur-o cf: nerve
gangli-o, ganglion-o cf: ganglion
cerebr-o cf: cerebrum, brain
cerebell-o cf: cerebellum
-phagia suffix: swallowing, eating
epi- prefix: on, upon, over
lith-o cf: stone, calculus
caud-o cf: tail (downward)
trans- prefix: through, beyond, across
albumin-o cf: albumin
ureter-o cf: ureter
-stenosis suffix: constriction, narrowing
urethr-o cf: urethra
nephr-o, ren-o cf: kidney
sperm-o, spermat-o cf: sperm, spermatozoon
malan-o cf: black
fibr-o cf: fiber
atel-o cf: incomplete, imperfect
hypo- cf: deficient, incomplete, below
-ia suffix: disease or abnormal state, condition of
-tomy suffix: incision, cut into
azot-o cf: nitrogen, urea
-tome suffix: instrument used to cut
tom-o cf: cut, section
-ism suffix: state of
radic-o, radicul-o, rhiz-o cf: nerve root
poli-o cf: gray matter
-ictal suffix: attack, seizure
-iatrist suffix: physician, specialist
phas-o speech
-paresis suffix: slight paralysis
-iatry suffix: treatment, specialty
dur-o cf: hard, dura mater
cortic-o cf: cortex
aden-o cf: gland
acr-o cf: height, extremities
dips-o cf: thirst
natr-o cf: sodium
calc-i cf: calcium
kal-i cf: potassium
-lysis suffix: separating, dissolution, loosening
-trophy suffix: nourishment, development
-stomy suffix: creation of an artificial opening
eu- prefix: good, normal
ventr-o cf: belly (front)
-genesis suffix: origin, cause
-gen suffix: substance or agent that produces or causes
-genic suffix: producing, origination, causing
-meter suffix: instrument used to measure
-cele suffix: hernia or protrusion
glomerul-o cf: glomerulus
-coccus (pl. cocci) suffix: berry shaped form of bacteruim
strept-o cf: twisted chains
staphyl-o cf: grapelike clusters
para- prefix: beside, beyond, around, near, abnormal
-graphy suffix: process of recording, radiographic imaging
-gram suffix: record, radiographic image
-scopy suffix: visual examination
-scopic suffix: pertaining to visual examination
-scope suffix: instrument used for visual examination
urin-o, ur-o cf: urine, urinary tract
-uria suffix: urine, urination
pyel-o cf: renal pelvis
hidr-o cf: sweat
cyst-o, vesic-o cf: bladder, sac
viscer-o cf: internal organs
vesicul-o cf: seminal vesicle
vas-o cf: vessel, duct
-ptosis suffix: drooping, sagging, prolapse
-drome suffix: run, running
encephal-o cf: brain
meningi-o, mening-o cf: meninges
esthesi-o cf: sensation, sensitivity, feeling
gli-o cf: glia, gluey substance
myel-o cf: spinal cord, bone marrow
ment-o, phych-o cf: mind
olig-o cf: scanty, few
-a suffix: noun suffix, no meaning
a- prefix: without or absence of
an- prefix: without or absence of
pan- prefix: all, total
ox-o, ox-i cf: oxygen
bi-o cf: life
-opsy suffix: view of, viewing
trich-o cf: hair
coni-o cf: dust
aut-o cf: self
seb-o cf: sebum (oil)
xer-o cf: dry
intra- prefix: within
pachy-o cf: thick
-rrhea suffix: flow, discharge
rhytid-o cf: wrinkles
kary-o cf: nucleus
kerat-o cf: hard, horny tissue
sarc-o cf: flesh, connective tissue
heter-o cf: other
meta- prefix: after, beyond, change
meat-o cf: meatus (opening)
iatr-o cf: physician, medicine, treatment
onc-o cf: tumor, mass
-sis suffix: state of
-osis suffix: abnormal condition
-pnea suffix: breathing
blast-o cf: germ cell, developing cell
balan-o cf: glans penis
-rrhaphy suffix: suturing, repairing
-rrhagia suffix: rapid flow of blood
tachy- prefix: fast, rapid
necr-o cf: death (cells, body)
-sarcoma suffix: malignant tumor
rhabd-o cf: rod-shaped, striated
prostat-o cf: prostate gland
son-o cf: sound
glyc-o, glycos-o cf: sugar
-tripsy suffix: surgical crushing
-pexy suffix: surgical fixation, suspension
myc-o cf: fungus
per- prefix: through
-metry suffix: measurement
-algia suffix: pain
-emia suffix: blood condition
spir-o cf: breathe, breathing
phon-o cf: sound, voice
capn-o carbon dioxide
py-o cf: pus
orth-o cf: straight
thorac-o cf: thorax (chest)
sept-o cf: septum (wall off, fence)
pulmon-o cf: lung
pneum-0, pneumat-o, pneumon-o cf: lung, air
diaphragmat-o, phren-o cf: diaphragm
laryng-o cf: larynx
alveol-o cf: alveolus
pharyng-o cf: pharynx
chrom-o cf: color
somat-o cf: body
aden-o cf: gland
epitheli-o cf: epithelium
lei-o cf: smooth
dys- prefix: painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
-plasm suffix: formation, substance, growth
-plasia suffix: condition of formation, development, growth
-ectasis suffix: stretching out, dilatation, expansion
-centesis suffix: surgical puncture to aspirate fluid with a sterile needle
-iasis, -esis suffix: condition
-al, -ic, -ior, -ous, -ar, -ary, -eal suffix: pertaining to
Created by: CTUGirl