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Module 1J - A&P

Introduction to the Human Body

muscle tissue composed of cells that shorten or contract that cause body movement
called fibers rather than cells because they are long a slender
3 types of muscle tissue skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
skeletal muscle attached to bone also called striated msucle because of appearence
moves skeleton, maintain posture and stabilize joints
smooth muscle found in the walls of the viscera such as stomach, intestines and bladder
also found in bronchioles and blood vessels; function related to organ
cardiac muscle found only in heart; function to pump blood
tissue repair regeneration and fibrosis
regeneration occures only in tissues whose cells undergo mitosis such as the skin
figrosis replacment of injured tissue by the formation of fibrous connective tissue; scar tissue
keloids excessive fibrosis
membranes thin sheets of tissue that cover surfaces, line body cavities and surround organs
2 classification epithelial and connective
epithelial membranes cutanious membranes (skin), mucous membranes and serous membranes
cutanious membranes the skin, outer layer of skin (epidermis), underlying layer (dermis)
mucous membranes line all body cavities open to exterior of the body; absorption and secretion
serous membranes line the ventral body cavities, not open to the exterior of the body
parietal layer lines the walls of the cavity
visceral layer covers the outside of the organ
pleura found in the thoracic cavity
pleura cavity space between pleura layers
pericardium found in the thoracic cavity and partially surrounds the heart
pericardial cavity space between the pericardial membranes
peritoneum found within the abdominal cavity
carcinomas malignant tumor involving epithelial tissue
sarcoma involves connective tissue
adhesions abnormal joing of tissues by fibrous scar tissue; may bind or constict organs
cancer abnormal growth that can affect all types of tissues and membranes; named by tissue type
collagen diseases collagen can be destroyed causing damage to the connective tissue; rheumatoid arthritis;lupus; scleroderma
gangrene death, necrosis of sofet tissue of the body such as toes fingers, intestines; arteries become clogged with fat and impede blood
neoplasm tumor, malignant or benign
Created by: janmaire



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