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Module 1H - A&P

Introduction to the Human Body

QuestionAnswer
tissues are group of cells that are similar to each other in structure and function
four types of tissues epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular
histology study of tissue
epithelial tissue also called epithelium, forms large, continuous sheets, helps form the skin
and covers the entire outer surface of the body also line most of the inner cavities
such as the mouth, respiratory tract, and reproductive tract
simple squamous walls of blood vessels(capillaries)alveoli (sacs in lungs
kidneyspermits the exchange of nutrients and wastes
allows diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxidefiltration of water and electrolytes
simple cuboidal lining of kidney tubulesvarious glands
absorption of water and electrolytessecretion of enzymes and hormones
simple columnar digestive tractprotection, absorption and secretion of gastric
juices, often contains goblet cells (mucous)
pseudostratified columnar lining of respiratory tractlining of reproductive tubes (fallopian tubes)
protection and secretion; cleans respiratory passages; sweeps egg toward uterus
stratified squamous outer layer of skinlining of mouth, esophagus, anus, and vagina
protects body from invading microorganisms withstands friction
transitional urinary bladderpermits expansion of an organ
epithelial tissue forms continuous sheets that fit together has two surfaces, one surface is unattached
basement membrane is a very thin material that anchors the epithelium to the underlying tissue
glandular epithelium function is secretion
gland is made up of one or more cells that secrete a particular substance; much is composed of
simple cuboidal epithelium
exocrine gland have ducts or tiney tubes into which the exocrine secretions are released before
reaching the body surfaces or body cavities; include mucous, sweat, saliva, digestive enzymes; the ducts carry the exocrine secretions to surgace of skin
endocrine glands secrete hormones; do not have ducts and are called ductless glands, secreted directly into blood to their action sites
most abundant of tissues, widely distributed
Created by: janmaire