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Module 1E - A&P

Introduction to the Human Body

viscera organs, are located with the cavities of the body
cavities are large, internal spaces, there are two major cavities: the dorsal cavity and the ventral cavity
dorasl cavity is located toward the back of the body and has two divisions: the cranial cavity and the spinal (vertebral) cavity
cranial cavity is located with the skull and contains the brain
spinal or vertebral cavity extends downward from the cranial cavity and is surrounded by the body vertebrae, is contains the spinal cord
ventral cavity is located toward the front of the body and has two divisions, the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity located above the diaphragm and is surrounded by the rib cage, it is divided into two comparments by the mediastinum and the pleual cavity
mediastinum a space that contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland and large blood vessels attached to the heart
pleural cavity lungs occupy most of the space within the thoracic cavity
abdominoplevic cavity is located below the diaphragm, has two divisions, abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity
abdominal cavity contains the stomach, most of the intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas,spleen and kidneys
pelvic cavity extends downward from the hips and includes the remainder of the intestines, the rectum, urinary bladder and internal reproductive system
quadrants abdominoplevic cavity can be divided into four quadrants and are named for their position, RUQ,LUQ,RLQ,LLQ
regions a second way to divide the abdominopelvic cavity; nine separate regions that resemblethe squares for the tic-tac-toe
other cavities four smaller cavities are located in the head, oral, nasal, orbital, and middle ear cavities
Created by: janmaire