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ME history

medieval history

QuestionAnswer
he wanted to prove himself a super hero in 378 at Adrianople where Arianism was snuffed out Emperor Valens
jesus is God is there belief Arianism
Leader of Greek Orthodox Church means Father in Greek Patriarch
Leader of Roman Catholic Church in west Pope
he was the first bishop of Rome Apostal Peter
who were the 4 fathers of the Catholic Church Saint Jerome, Saint Augustine, Ambrose, And Gregory the I of the Great
he was a Gaul and attorney was friends with the emperor of rome but wouldnt let Theodocious I make the church part of state but rather the state part of the church and was the founder of Hymnody Ambrose Bishop of Milan
he was the founder of Latin Theology had the most powerful mind , bishop of hippo Africa, wrote 2 books Confessions in 400 andCity of god 413 A.D. lost his life at the shock of the arbarians Raiding Hippo. he was against Heresy Saint Augustine
he was a Doctor of the Church 1's important scholor to be Cannonized most brilliant of early churchmen 1st great Exponet of Monasticism in west he spent 20 years translating the Bible into Vulgate Bible and is still used today by Catholic church. Saint Jerome
He was the first great christian churchman of the middle ages and last of the Latin Church Fathers became a monk,papal,diplomat, then pope. named the Gregorian Chant after him Gregory I of Gregory the Great
it is a melody without accompaniment and is oldest known western music it also called the plain Song used in Christian Churches Gregorian Chant
petrine succession
he wanted to prove himself a super hero in 378 at Adrianople where Arianism was snuffed out Emperor Valens
jesus is God is there belief Arianism
Leader of Greek Orthodox Church means Father in Greek Patriarch
Leader of Roman Catholic Church in west Pope
he was the first bishop of Rome Apostal Peter
who were the 4 fathers of the Catholic Church Saint Jerome, Saint Augustine, Ambrose, And Gregory the I of the Great
he was a Gaul and attorney was friends with the emperor of rome but wouldnt let Theodocious I make the church part of state but rather the state part of the church and was the founder of Hymnody Ambrose Bishop of Milam
he was the founder of Latin Theology had the most powerful mind , bishop of hippo Africa, wrote 2 books Confessions in 400 andCity of god 413 A.D. lost his life at the shock of the arbarians Raiding Hippo. he was against Heresy Saint Augustine
he was a Doctor of the Church 1's important scolor to be Cannonized most brilliant of early churchmen !st great Exponet of Monasticism in west he spent 20 years translating the Bible into Vulgate Bible and is still used today by Catholic church. Saint Jerome
He was the first great christian churchman of the middle ages and last of the Latin Church Fathers became a monk,papal,diplomat, then pope. named the Gregorian Chant after him Gregory I of Gregory the Great
it is a melody without accompaniment and is oldest known western music it also called the plain Song used in Christian Churches Gregorian Chant
its a tradition where the pope is understood the pope is legitimately chosen by all bishop to be the true pope petrine succession
its a pope who goes against the real pope Antipope
where a bishop holds office and power Roman Bishopric
This pope Convinced Attila to leave Rome with only carts of gold and silver instead of sacking it Pope Leo I
this is 108 acers where the pope has a nation that he controles Vatican
he is the patran saint of ireland he had a dream of preaching to irish and used a shamrock from a grassy area to explain Trinity to the King on easter day or march 17th. Saint Patrick
they practiced rigid self denile and by harming their body as a means of spiratual Diciplin to get closer to God Astetics
he Sat on top a 60 foot piller for 30 years he was an Astetic from syria and also posed as a vegitable in his garden for 1 year Saint Simeon Stilites
he was the First Monk and lived to be 113 years old Paul the Hermit of Saint Paul the Hermit
He founded the first Monastic institution on an island in the nile river Pochomius
he began the Monastic move in the west he also said "Marriage fills the earth but Virginity fills hevan" Saint Jerome
he started a monastary in Rome of hardcore Monasticism Saint Athanasius
he set down rules for monasteries and the monastaries in the east still use them Saint Basil the Great
this order the abbyis presided over by abbot,they pray and work,they have a novitiate or probationary period for 1 year,take vows of poverity/chasity/obediance/cant have property, they work 6to 7 hrs study 2 hrs and participate in 8 divine services sleep The Benedictine order
Clergy that administers services outside of the church in the outside world Secular Clergy
cleargy that live by the rule Regula within the monastaries Regular Clergy
he was self appointed Church Conscience founder and first abbot of Cistercian Monastery he condemed stained glass Saint Bernard
this order thought the church was to worldly and wealthyand christ ha not intended this was the most important Monastic reform in catholic church, against use of gold or jewled crosses ,were vegitarians, refused secular entanglements Cistercian order
this order wore horse hair shirts plain garments, ate vegitables and bread fasted 3 days each week on it now less than 20 in europe Prayer and manual labor the order didnt need reformed Carthusian Order
he left his wife and gave his fortune to church began preaching in lyon france the pop forbade him to preach anymore but he denied the pope and Purgatory and started the Waldensian Heresy Peter Waldo
he founded Carthusian order Saint Bruno
this order boast the oldest protastant sect Waldensian Church
they are the upper class of Carthrai or Albigensians Prefecti
they beleive that its always good vs evil and light vs dark Zoroastrianism
they beleive that Satan created the world and denied existance of hell and purgatory Manachaeism
as a Believers this can only be done once in a life time if you survive this you become a perfecti consolamentum or laying on of hands
this is the lower class of Carthrai or Albigensians Believers
this order refused sacraments,symbols,rejected the cross no sexual intercourse either pleasure or procreation they were expected to purify themselves befor their death cathari or albigensians
he preached in netherlands called churches Brothels and clerics whores rejected sacrements rejected payments of tithes gave hair and nail clippings for relics to his followers married statue of virgin marry obscure priest killed him Tanchelm of Antwerp
he created the Episcopal Inquisition in 1184 to find try and punish heretics Pope Lucius III
he Authorized torture torture to get heretics to confess Pope Innocent Iv
where was the last public burning for Heresy Valencia spain
who was the last person/persons that were burned for Heresy a Quaker and a Jew
what are the two most famous orders of Friars A. Franciscan orderB. Dominican order
He was put in a trance by God he received the Stigmata (5) was called Christ like, ( Gods own Troubadour) Became a saint after only 2 years after his death. was from the Fransciscan order Giovanni Di Bernadone or Saint Francis of Assisi
what are the 3 orders of Franciscans 1. Little brothers or Grey Friars(men)2. Order for women3. Married couples (laymen)
name 3 other famous Franciscan monks 1. Saint Bona Venture 2. Saint Clare (poor Clares) Clare of assisi 3. Roger Bacon
he received Stigmata (5) in 1918 he was a carpuchin Monk died at age 81 he built a 7 story hospital with his fame from the stigmata Padre Pio
they was called the Black Friars founded by Domingo de Guzman the purpose of the order was to combat heresy devoted to scholarship and teaching they was placed in charge of the Inquisition The Dominican Order
what Does Domini Canes mean "Hounds of God"
who was the great debater for the Franciscan order Saint Bonaventure
Who was ther great debater for Dominican order Saint Thomas Aquinas
name 3 famous Dominicans 1.Saint Albertus 2.Saint Catherine of Siena 3. Saint Thomas Aquinas
he called for 4th crusade, sanctioned Inquisition, Most powerful of all medeval popes, took papacy to its penical Pope Innocent III
he King of the germans and was crowned holy roman emperor he was a ruler with real ability and deep religious piety supported reform in the roman catholic churchfocused controle of the church and claimed control of nominations for pope. King henry III
he thought laymen had to many church offices rulers paid to little attention to the pope , he prevented Simony and stop Nepotism, enforce Celibacy enforce truce of God, prevent lay investiture Gregory the 7th
what Does Sic et Non mean Yes and No
he taught Theology and had sexual relations with a student got her pregnate married her in secret when Heloise father asked if they was married she said no and her father had him castrated, he became an Abbot and she became an Abbess The Great Peter Abelard
what does Summa Theologica mean Theological Summary
he was a mathmatician that discovered the method to extract square roots Leonardo da Pisa
upper division of the arts arithmetic,astronomy,geometry,music Quadrivium
Grammer , Rhetoric, logic, and is lower division of the arts Trivium
he is known for medical encyclopedia he wrote Etymology in 600's Saint Isidore of Seville, Spain
what is the earliest university and where was it Al-Azhar in Cairo Egypt
these was taught at what university onions cure baldness,dog urin on warts, and to keep a woman from conceiving tie a red ribon in her hair. U. of Salerno , Italy
what is License Certificate
what is Disputation Debate
what is a degree B.A. B.S. MA., PhD.
he was one of the most brillant ruller of the middle ages King of germany at age 2 established u. naples wrote a book on falcons that is still used today he was king of jerusalem belonged to Hohenstawfen family. Fredrick II
he was english philosopher and man of science, he was called the admirable doctor he was the founder of experimental science resercher in study of optics, Franciscan monk, he knew how to make gun power , was accused of doing black magic, Roger Bacon
he predicted modern inventions horseless carriages,Flying machines,first person to realize that leap year affected the jullian calander Roger Bacon
this architecture has round arches, gloomy interior,small windows,massive walls and massive stone exteriors Romanesque
this architecture has pointed arches,Buttresses, vaults reaching to the ceiling,Stained glass windows,light fills the interior with rich purple glow Gothic
what is the lending of money called Usury
who was the first european to smoke tobacco Rodrigo de Jerez
this person used tobacco for medical cures for disease and Pain the term nicotine came from his name he was a french Diplomat and scholar Jean Nicot
who smoked the first cigarette Mayans/Aztecs
name two famous smokers Sir Walter Raleigh and John Rolfe
this is based on this 3 principles Bullionism,Favorable ballance of trade,Colonization Mercntilism
who controled the trade in late middle ages Hanseatic league
who made portugal the number 1 commerical nation Vasco da Gama's
Created by: dannyj1234