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Chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
Physis Growth
Oste/o Bone
Crani/o Head,Skull
Brachi/o Arm
Cervic/o Neck
Dactyl/o Finger
Carp/o Wrist
Spondyl/o Vertebra
Cost/o Rib
Lumb/o Loin, Lower Back
Femor/o Femur(Thigh Bone)
Tibi/o Tibia ( Shinebone)
Tars/o Ankle
Chondr/o Cartilage
Arthr/o Joint
Burs/o Bursa
Ten/o Tend/o Tendin/o Tendon (Connective Tissue Connecting Muscle To Bone )
Muscul/o My/o Mys/o Muscle
Fasci/o Fascia (Fibrous Connective Tissue Binding Muscles Together)
Ton/o Tone,Tension
Kinesi/o also sometimes Kinet/o Movement Motion
Tax/o Arrangement, Order Coordination
Ankyi/o Stiff,Bent
Costalgia Rib Pain
Metatarsalgia Pain In The Bones Of The Foot
Ostalgia Bone Pain
Osteodynia Bone Pain
Spondylodynia Vertebrae Pain
tibialga Tibia (Shin) Pain
Ankylosis ANG-kih-LOH-sis Joint Stiffness
Arthralgia ar-THRAL-jee-ah Joint Pain
Arthrodynia AR-thoh-DIN-ee-ah Joint Pain
Cervicodynia (SIR-vih-koh-DIN-ee-ah) Neck Pain
Crepitation krep-ih-TAY-shun A Crackling Sound Heard In Joints
Genuvaigum JEH-nyoo-VAL-gum Knock-Kneed
Genuvarum JEH-nyoo-Vah-rum Bowlegged
BraDYKINESIA BRAD-ee-kih-NEE-see-ah Slow Movement
Dyskinesia DIS-kih-nee-zhee-ah Inability To Control Movement
Dystaxia dis-TAK-see-ah Poor Condition
Dystonia dis-TOH-nee-ah Poor Muscle Tone
Graphospasm GRAF-oh-spazm Writer's Cramp
Hyperkinesia HAI-per-kih-NEE-zhee-ah Increase In Muscle Movement Or Activity
Hypertonia HAi-poh-Toh-nee-ah Decrease In Muscle Tone Or Tightness
Myalgia mal-AL-jee-ah Muscle Pain
Myasthenia MAI-as-THEE-nee-ah Muscle Weakness
Myodynia MAI-oh-DIN-ee-ah Muscle Pain
Myospasm MAI-oh-spazm Muscle Spasm
Tenalgia te-NAL-jee-ah Tendon Pain
Arthrocentesis Ar-throh-sen-TEE-sis Puncture Of A Joint
Arthroscope AR-throh-SKOHP Instrument For Looking Into A Joint
Arthroscopy ar-THRAWS-koh-pee Procedure Of Looking Into A Joint
Electromyogram eh-LEK-troh-mai-AWG-rah-fee Procedure For Measuring The Electrical Activity Of A Muscle
Myography mai-AWG-rah-fee Procedure For Studying Muscles
Arthrogram AR-throh-GRAM Visual Record Of A Joint
Arthrography ar-THRAWG-ra-fee Procedure Used To Examine A Joint
Computed Axial Tomography (CAT or CT) kom-PYOO-ted AK-see-al toh-MAWG-rah-fee Imaging Procedure Using A Computer To Produce Cross Sections Along An Axis
Kyphosis kai-FOH-sis Humped Back ; Abnormal Forward Curvature Of The Upper Spin
Lordosis lor-DOH-sis Sway Back: Abnormal Forward Curvature Of The Lower Spine
Scoliosis SKOH-lee-OH-sis Crooked Back; Abnormal Lateral Curvature Of The Spine
Carpitis kar-PAI-tis Wrist Inflammation
Cranlomalacia dray-nee-oh-mah-LAY-shee-ah Softening Of The Skull
Exostosis EK-sos-toh-sis An Abnormal Growth Of Bone Out Of Another Bone
Fracture FRAK-chur A Bone Break
Osteodystrophy AWS-tee-oh-DIS-troh-fee Poor Bone Development
Osteolysis Bone Loss
Osteonecrosis Death Of Bone
Osteosclerosis Abnormal Hardening Of Bone
Polydactylt Having More Than The Normal Number Of Fingers(Or Toes)
Spondylitis Vertebra Inflammation
Spondylomalacia Softening Of The Vertebra
Syndactyly fusion (sometime called webbing) of fingers (or toes )
Tarsoptosis Flat Feet
Bursolith A Stone In A Bursa
Effusion Fluid Buildup
Hemarthrosis Blood In A Joint
Hydrathrosis Water ( fluid) In A Joint
Pyarthrosis Pus In A Joint
Atrophy Underdevelopment, decrease, or loss of muscle tissue
Hypertrophy Over development of muscle tissue
Myocele Hernia of muscle tissue
Myolysis loss of muscle tissue
Myomalacia softening of a muscle
myosclerosis hardening of a muscle
myotasis stretching of a muscle
myotonia muscle tone
ankylosing spondylitis stiffening inflammation of the vertebrae
chondro-osteodystrophy poor development of bones and cartilage
cranlosynostosis the premature fusing of the skull bones
dactylics finger inflamation
hypertrophic spondylitis overdevelopment of the vertebrae causing inflammation
osteltis bone inflammation
osteochrondritis inflammation of bone and cartilage
osteogenesis imperfecta a disease in which the bones do not develop correctly also known as brittle bone disease
osteomalacia softening of the bone
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
osteopathy bone disease
osteopenia reduction in bone volume
osteoporosis loss of bone density
spinal stenosis abnormal narrowing of the spine
spondyloarthropathy joint disease of the vertebrae
spondylolisthesis the slipping or dislocation of a vertebrae
spondylolysis loss of vertebra structure
spondylosis vertebra condition
arthritis joint inflammation
rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of the joints it is called rheumatoid because its symptoms resemble those of rheumatic fever
septic arthritis inflammation of the joint cause by infection
osteoarthritis inflammation of the joints specifically those that bear weight
arthrocele hernia of a joint
arthrodysplasia abnormal joint development
arthropathy joint disease
arthrosclerosis hardening of the jointa
bursitis inflammation of the bursa
Bursopathy disease of the bursa
Subluxation partial dislocation of a joint
achondroplasia defect in the formation of cartilage
chondromalacia abnormal softening of the cartilage
costochondritis inflammation of the cartilage of the rib
facilities inflammation of the fascia
muscular dystrophy disorder characterized by poor muscle development
myoclonus violent muscle contraction
myopathy muscle disease
myasthenia muscle weakness
myofascilitis inflammation of muscle and fascia
myositis muscle inflammation
necrotizing fasciitis inflammation of the fascia causing the death of tissue
polymyositis inflammation of multiple muscles
tardive dyskin├ęsie Condition characterized by the loss of muscle control
tendinitis tendonitis tendon inflammation
chondroma a tumorlike growth of cartilage tissue
myopia muscle tumor
myosarcoma a cancerous muscle tumor
osteocarcinoma bone cancer tumor
osteochondroma a tumor made up of bone and cartilage also known as an exostosis made up of cartilage
osteosarcoma cancerous tumor arising out of bone cells
analgesic a drug that relieves pain
antiarthritic a drug that opposes joint inflammation
anti-inflammatory a drug that opposes inflammation
antipyretic a drug that oppose fever
Prosthesis a device that is added to a body to replace a missing part or lost function
Carpectomy removal of all or part of the wrist
Costectomy removal of a rib
cranlectomy removal of a portion of the skull
craniotomy removal of a portion of the skull
external fixation the fixation of a fractured bone from the outside
internal fixation the fixation of a fractured bone from the inside
closed reduction returning bones to their proper position without the use of surgery
open reduction returning bones to their proper position through the use of surgery
metacarpectomy removal of a bone in the hand
ostectomy removal of a bone
osteectomy removal of a bone
osteoclasts the surgical breaking of a bone
osteoblasts reconstruction of a bone
osteotomy incision into a bone
spondylosyndesis fusing together of multiple vertebrae
sternotomy INCISON into the sternum
tarsectomy removal of all or a portion of the ankle
tarsoclasia surgical fracture of the ankle
arthrectomy removal of a joint
arthroclasia the therapeutic breaking of a joint to allow for increased mobility
arthrodesis surgical fixation of a joint
arthrolysis loosing a stiff joint
arthroplasty reconstruction of a joint
arthrotomy incision into a joint
bursectomy removal of a bursa
bursotomy incision into a bursa
CHONDRECTOMY removal of cartilage
chondroplasty reconstruction of cartilage
fascioplasty reconstruction of the fascia
fasciorrhaphy suturing of fascia
myodesis binding of a muscle
myoplasty muscle reconstruction
myorrhaphy muscle structure
Created by: Takelamarie
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