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Chapter 25 Circulat

Circulatory System

QuestionAnswer
What are the 8 primary pulse sites? RadialBrachialCarotidTemporalFemoralPopliteal Dorsalis PedisAnterior tibial
Arteries carry blood _______ from the heart. away
Veins transport blood from peripheral tissues ____ the heart. to
Microcopic blood vessels that have single-celled walls located in the tissues capillaries
Outer lining of the heart pericardium
Middle lining of the heart myocardium
inner-most lining of the heart endocardium
Size of the heart about the size of a fist
Heart weighs approximately 9 oz
what is widest portion of the heart? top
works to move blood from the body to the lungs right side of the heart
pumps blood back from the lungs to the body left side of the heart
structure that seperates the right and left sides of the heart septum
should blood move from the ride side of the heart to the left? no
The route blood takes from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart Pulmonary circulation
the route blood takes from the time it leaves the heart systemic circulation
how does right atrium receive blood? via the superior and inferior vena cavae
how does blood move from the right atrium to the right ventricle? atrial valve (tricuspid)
how does blood get to the lungs? pulmonary artery
how does blood return to the heart? pulmonary vein
where does blood first enter the heart? right atrium
blood passes through the right atrium to the ______. right ventricle
after passing the tricuspid valve blood enters the _________ right ventricle
blood leaves the right ventricle and goes where? lungs
upon returning from lungs the blood enters where? left atrium
What initiates the heartbeat? SA node
Which node is known as the gatekeeper? AV node
What is the final part of the electrical system of the heart? AV bundle or bundle of HIS
What are the 3 phases of the cardiac cycle? atrial systole, ventricular systole, atrial and ventricular diastole.
What is a heart murmur? valves do not close completely and allow blood to pass back into the atria or ventricles
WHat is the heart responsible for? the movement of blood throught the arterial and vascular system throughout the entire body
How many chambers does the heart have? 4
where is the heart located? left of the midline of chest beneath the sternum
WHat are the 4 chambers of the heart? Right and Left atria and Right and left ventricles
Where is the radial pulse found? lateral wrist
Where is the brachial pulse found? antecubital space of the elbow
where is the carotid pulse found? lateral neck
Where is the temporal pulse found temple area
where is the femoral pulse found in the groin
where is the poplitel pulse found? behind the knee
where is the dorsalis pedis pulse found? upper surface of the foot
where is the anterior tibial pulse found? ankle medial to the Achilles tendon
What are veins? vessels that transport blood from peripheral tissues to the heart
Which are used for phlebotomy, veins or arteries? veins
what are capillaries microscopic blood vessels that have single-celled walls located in the tissues
where are capillaries located? in the tissues
what is blood pressure? the measurement of the force applied to the walls of the arteries
What sounds are heard during the measurement of blood pressure? Korotkoff sounds
What is the fluid part of blood plasma
what are the compositions of blood? erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, plasma
how much blood does the average adult have? 5 liters
what is the formation of blood cells called? hematopoiesis
The percentage of blood atrributed to red blood cells is called what? hematocrit
what percentage of the total volume of whole blood is made up of plasma? 55
what are erythrocytes? red blood cells
where are RBC's produced? bone marrow
what is the function of hemoglobin? to carry oxygen
what is a RBC count refering to ? the number of red blood cells in 1 cubic mm of blood
what are leukocytes? white blood cells
what is the function of WBC? to fight infection
what are platelets? fragments of cells found in the blood stream
what is the function of platelets? control bleeding by forming a blood clot
what are the functions of bood? transportation, defense, and regulation
what is hemostasis stoppage of bleeding
how is blood type determined? by the prescence or absence of two antigens called type A and type B
where are the two antigens located? on the surface of the RBC
what are the 4 blood types A, B, AB, O
Which blood type is the universal donor? O
which blood type is the universal recipients? AB
can someone who is B+ receive B- blood? no
Why can't someone who has negative blood receive positive blood? it causes the blood to clump
the lymphatic system is a subsystem of what? circulatory and immune system
what is the lymphatic system's primary responsiblity? to defend th ebody from foreign invasion by disease-causing agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi
where is the thymus located? just above the heart
where is the spleen located? in the upper left portion of the abdominal cavity
what is lymph clear fluid that travels through the body's arteries and circulates through the tissues in order to cleanse them and keep them firm
what are the filters along the lymphatic system? lymph nodes
what is the function of the lymph nodes? to filter out and trap bacteria, viruses, cancer cells, and unwanted substances
what is CHD? most common form of heart disease
what are the 2 types of CHD? atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis
what is atherosclerosis narrowing of the lumen of the arteries due to a buildup of fatty material and plaque within the arteries
what is arteriosclerosis thickening and loss of elacity of the arteries
what is MI heart attack, occurs when blood supply to a part of the myocardium is severly reduced or stopped
what is CHF when the heart cannot pump enough blood to the body's other organs
can someone who is B+ receive B- blood? no
Why can't someone who has negative blood receive positive blood? it causes the blood to clump
the lymphatic system is a subsystem of what? circulatory and immune system
what is the lymphatic system's primary responsiblity? to defend th ebody from foreign invasion by disease-causing agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi
where is the thymus located? just above the heart
where is the spleen located? in the upper left portion of the abdominal cavity
what is lymph clear fluid that travels through the body's arteries and circulates through the tissues in order to cleanse them and keep them firm
what are the filters along the lymphatic system? lymph nodes
what is the function of the lymph nodes? to filter out and trap bacteria, viruses, cancer cells, and unwanted substances
what is CHD? most common form of heart disease
what are the 2 types of CHD? atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis
what is atherosclerosis narrowing of the lumen of the arteries due to a buildup of fatty material and plaque within the arteries
what is arteriosclerosis thickening and loss of elacity of the arteries
what is MI heart attack, occurs when blood supply to a part of the myocardium is severly reduced or stopped
what is CHF when the heart cannot pump enough blood to the body's other organs
can someone who is B+ receive B- blood? no
Why can't someone who has negative blood receive positive blood? it causes the blood to clump
the lymphatic system is a subsystem of what? circulatory and immune system
what is the lymphatic system's primary responsiblity? to defend th ebody from foreign invasion by disease-causing agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi
where is the thymus located? just above the heart
where is the spleen located? in the upper left portion of the abdominal cavity
what is lymph clear fluid that travels through the body's arteries and circulates through the tissues in order to cleanse them and keep them firm
what are the filters along the lymphatic system? lymph nodes
what is the function of the lymph nodes? to filter out and trap bacteria, viruses, cancer cells, and unwanted substances
what is CHD? most common form of heart disease
what are the 2 types of CHD? atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis
what is atherosclerosis narrowing of the lumen of the arteries due to a buildup of fatty material and plaque within the arteries
what is arteriosclerosis thickening and loss of elacity of the arteries
what is MI heart attack, occurs when blood supply to a part of the myocardium is severly reduced or stopped
what is CHF when the heart cannot pump enough blood to the body's other organs
What is an arrhythmia? irregular heartbeat caused by a disturbance of the normal electrical activity of heart
What are the 2 types of arrhythmia? tachycardia and bradycardia
What is carditis? inflammation of the heart
what is thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot causes inflammation in on or more veins
what are varicose veins? gnarled, enlarged veins that are usually dilated and twisted
what is anemia? a condition in which abnormally low numbers of healthy red blood cells circulate in the body
what are the types of anemia? iron deficiencyvitamin deficiencyhemolyticsickle cellaplastic
what is leukemia cancer of the bone marrow and blood involving the uncontrolledd growth of abnormal cells
what is aneurysm abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery related to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel
what is CVA stroke: the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted by an occlusion or rupture of a blood vessel
what is hypertension B/P over 140/90; occurs when blood vessels become rigid and constricted
what is hypotension B/P under 90/60; causing inadequate blood flow to the heart and brain and other vital organs
what is an electrocardiogram evaluates electrical activity generated by the heart at rest and with activity
What is nuclear imaging? produces images by detecting radiation from different parts of the body
what is an ultrasound noninvasive tests that use ultrasound or high-frequency sound waves
what are radiological tests noninvasive test using x-rays or computer technology to create pictures of the internal structures of the chest
what is an invasive tests involve inserting catheters into the blood vessels of the heart in order to get a closer look at the coronary arteries or to stimulate and test the electrical system fo the heart
Created by: Lisa Barnett