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thoracic test review

thoracic surgery test review

how is pt placed in a posterolateral postion situated on side and towards back
how is pt placed in a anterolateral position situated in front and to 1 side
smaller subdivision of lobes; seperated by connective tissue; supplied by seperate brances of the bronchus segments of lung
secretions obtained from the bronchi for lab exam following injection & aspiration of small amts of saline bronchial washings
mass of tissue/organs bound by the lungs on the sides & separating the sternum in front & the vertebral column behind mediastinum
congential malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel shaped depression of the lower end of the sternum & costal cartilages pectus excavatum
serous membrane enclosing the lungs & lining the walls of the thoracic cavity pleura
space between 2 ribs intercostal space
surgical procedure in which a vertical inline incision is made along the sternum, after which the sternum itself is divided, or "cracked". sternotomy
soft indentation along the midline immediately above the sternum suprasternal notch
well-defined portions; right lung has 3 and left lung has 2 lobes
accumulation of air/gas in the pleural cavity; resulting in the collapse of the lung on the affected side pneumothorax
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
maximum vol of air that can be expired from the resting expiratory level reserve air
amt of air remaining in the lungs at the end of a maximum expiration residual air
amt of air inhaled & exhaled during normal quiet breathing tidal air
direct visualization of the mediastinal space & lymph nodes by means of a lighted scope mediastinoscopy
direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree following insertion of a rigid/flexible lighted scope bronchoscopy
direct visualization of the esophagus & cardic portion of the stomach by means of a lighted scope esophagoscopy
a purpose of thoracic surgery is to treat diseased tissue by resection or repair
which position is used for a median sternotomy incision supine
which position used for a full posterolateral thoracotomy incision lateral
which position is used for a anterolateral thoracotomy incision & thoracic endoscopic procedures modified supine
a purpose of thoracic endoscopic procedure is to observe periodically the effects of therapy
which is the most often used thoracic incision posterolateral thoracotomy incision
which incision is an inframmary incision made from anterior midline or sternal border to midaxillary line anterolateral thoracotomy incision
which type of incision is used for surgery in the mediastinum such as a thymectomy median sternotomy incision
what should be in the room as a special considerations of thoracic surgery pre-operative chest x-rays
what should always be ready in thoracic surgery hemostatic agents
excision of a small portion of lung tissue for diagnosis lung biopsy
insertion of a catheter thru a very small incision in an intercostal space to establish a closed drainage system closed thoracostomy
excision of fibrinous deposits/restrictive membranes of pleurae that interfere w/respiratory function decortication of the lung
chest tubes are sterile tubes w/multiple openings in the end available in a variety of sizes from 16-36 french true
a pleural vac is a compact disposable unit; can act as 1,2 or 3 bottle system true
for a open thoracotomy surgeon incises over selected intercostal space
for a open thoracotomy periosteum is incised by the surgeon & freed from the rib
instrument used to incise the periosteum over the intercostal space doyen raspatories
surgeon trims bone edges w/a rongeur or sauerbruch shears & applies what for hemostasis bone wax
tech hands surgeon moist laps to cover & protect wound from what retractor edges
tech passes the surgeon the retractor of choice which is inserted between what and opened slowly ribs
following the procedure, the surgeon may insert 1 or 2 chest tubes into what pleural space
surgeon places heavy pericostal sutures around the 2 ribs & holds them with what hemostat
surgeon reapproximates periosteum w/a running absorbable suture, closes and anchors drains to chest wall and connects to closed drainage system
direct visualization of the interior of the larynx w/a lighted scope laryngoscopy
thymectomy is the excision of which gland with or w/out enbloc resection thymus
thymectomy is performed to relief symptoms of myasthensia gravis
repair of a depression in the sternum & cartilage repair of pectus excavatum
condition of the chest wall due to 2 or more rib fractures in which segments are not attached to the other end causing paradoxic movement during inspiration/expiration flail chest
the approach used for a thymectomy median sternotomy
excision of a small part of the periphery of a pulmonary lobe wedge section
accumulation of blood/fluid in the pleural cavity caused by rupture of sm. blood vessels, due to trauma/inflammation of the lungs in pneumonia, pulmonary TB or malignant growth hemothorax
Created by: clmcnees