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SBGR Digestive II

SBGR ALH 165 Digestive II (2012 LS)

Mastication Crushing and shredding of food by the teeth
Lingual frenulum Attaches the body of the tongue to the floor of the oral cavity
Enamel Contains calcium phosphate in a crystalline form and is the hardest biologically manufactured substance
Incisors Blade-shaped teeth located at the front of the mouth
Cuspids Canine teeth
Molars Have very large flattened crowns used for crushing and grinding
Deciduous teeth Baby teeth
Tooth decay Results from the action of bacteria that normally inhabit your mouth
Gingivitis Inflammation of the gingivae (gums)
Deglutition Swallowing
Chyme Ingested food with saliva and the secretions of gastric glands
Rugae Mucosal folds that allow the gastric lumen to expand
Gastric juice Thin, colorless, acidic fluid that contains enzymes
Lacteal Lymphatic capillary
Duodenum Segment of intestine closest to the stomach
Jejunum Site of most chemical and nutrient absorption
Ileum Final segment of the small intestine
Cecum Collects and stores materials from ileum and begins the process of compaction
Appendix Functions primarily as an organ of the lymphatic system
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
Portal hypertension Restricted blood flow in the liver causes pressure in the hepatic portal system to increase markedly
Pancreatic lipase Breaks down lipids, releasing products that can be easily absorbed
Mumps Infection of the salivary gland
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis Gallstones
Created by: SBGrandRapids