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Module 1A - A&P

Introduction to the Human Body

anatomy branch of science that studies the structure/form of the body
morphology branch of science that studies the structure of the body
physiology branch of science that describes how the body works, or functions
levels of organiztion of the body cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, human organism
major organ systems integumentary, skeletal, musclar, nervous,endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic
respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems
integumentary system consists of skin and related structures such as hair, and nails, covers the body, regulates
temperature, and contains of the structures necessary for sensation
skeletal system basic framework of the body, primarily bones, joints, and cartilage, protects/supports body organs
muscular system consist of 3 types of muscles, skeletal muscles attach to the bones and are for
movement and maintenance of body posture
nervous system consist of brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs
endocrine system numerous glands that secrete hormones and chemical substance that regulate body
activities like growth, reproduction, metabolism and water balance
circulatory system consist of heart, blood vessels
lymphatic system lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, lymph and other lymphoid organs
important roles in fluid balance and defense of body against pathogens and other foreign
respiratory system lungs and other structures that conduct air to and from lungs
digestive system organs designed to eat food, break it down into substances that can be absorbed by the
body and eleminate waste
urinary system consist of kidneys and other structures that help excrete waste material
reproductive system consist of organs and structures that enable humans to reproduce
homeostasis staying the same; refers to the body's ability to maintain a stable internal enviroment
homeostatic mechanisms temperature control;blood sugar control;water balance;blood pressure regulation and Na+
homeostatic imbalance various disorders related to mechanisms
Created by: janmaire