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Southeastern A&PCell

Southeastern Institute A&P 2. Cells, Tissues, & Membranes

Cell Simplest form of life that can exist on its own
Cell membrane Separates cytoplasm from the surrounding external environment
Cytoplasm Gel-like fluid inside of cell that hold organelles in place & gives a cell its structure
Organelles Little organs inside of cell
Nucleus Control center of the cell
Ribosomes Synthesize proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum Synthesizes proteins & lipids and has rough and smooth types
Golgi Body Packing & shipping for cell - packs, stores &/or ships lipids & protein
Mitochondria Power plant - site for cellular respiration that makes ATP (energy)
Lysosomes Digestive enzymes for waste removal
Passive Processes Process by which particles cross a cell membrane without the cell expending energy
Diffusion Movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
Filtration Pressure outside the cell pushing particles across the membrane
Osmosis Moving a solvent from a low gradient to a high gradient
Active Processes Process by which particles cross a cell membrane with the use of a cell’s energy
Pinocytosis Cell drinking
Phagocytosis Cell eating
Tissues Made up of a group of like cells
Epithelial Tissue Tissue that lines and covers
Muscle Tissue Tissue that moves parts of the body
Smooth Muscle Muscle tissue that moves organs
Cardiac Muscle Muscle tissue that moves the heart
Skeletal Muscle Muscle tissue that moves bones
Nervous Tissue Tissue that sends electronic messages through a cell called a neuron
Connective Tissue Miscellaneous category of tissue for tissue that connects throughout the body
Liquid Tissue Lymph, blood, fluids the body makes
Osseous Tissue Bone
Fibrocartilage Dense cartilage found in less moveable areas like the vertebral column
Hyaline Most abundant cartilage in the body and can be found at the ends of long bones
Elastic Highly moveable cartilage that gives shape to parts like the ears and nose
Areolar Most abundant loose tissue in the body also known as superficial fascia
Adipose Fat loose tissue
Ligaments Link bone to bone
Tendons Tie muscle to bone
Retinacula Bands that hold tendons in place in areas like ankles and wrists
Irregular Tissue that makes deep fascia
Cutaneous Membrane that makes skin
Mucous Membrane that lines openings to outside of body and makes mucous
Serous Membrane that lines closed body cavities and makes serous fluid
Parietal Membrane Serous membrane that lines the cavity
Visceral Membrane Serous membrane that lines organs
Synovial Membrane that lines cavities of freely moving joints and makes synovial fluid
Created by: cmcracken