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Chapter 27 Resp

Chapter 27 Respiratory System

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of nose organ of smell, passageway for air, assist with sound
What is the function of pharynx acts as passageway for air and food, assist with speech
What is the function of larynx production of vocal sounds
WHat is the function of the trachea breathing
What is the function of the bronchi providing passageway for air between the trachea and lungs
What is the function of the lungs 1. Supply oxygen 2. Remove wastes and toxins 3. DEfend against hostile intruders
What is ventilation? movement to and from the alveoli
What is the diaphragm? dome shaped muscle located below the lungs
Where are the intercostal muscles located between the ribs
What is atmospheric pressure the pressure of the air around us
What is intrapleural pressure the pressure within the potential pleural space between the parietal and visceral pleura
What is intrapulmonic pressure the pressure within the bronchial tree and alveoli
Tidal volume volume of air entering or leaving the lungs during a single breath
inspiratory reserve volume volume of air that can be inspired over and above the resting tidal volume
expiratory reserve volume volume of air that can be expired after a normal expiration
residual volume volume of air remaining in the lungs after a maximal expiration
inspiratory capacity maximum volume that can be expired after a maximal inspiration
vital capacity maximum volume that can be expired after a maximal inspiration
functional residual capacity volume of air left in the lungs after a normal expiration
total lung capacity volume of the lungs when fully inflated
Respiratory rate number of breaths per minute
minute ventilation total volume of air expired per minute
dead space volume of inspired air that is not available for gas exchange
alveolar ventilation volume of air that reaches the alveoli per minute
asthma chronic inflammatory disease typically caused when allergens or other irritating substances cause swelling in the lining of the trachea and bronchial tubes
COPD chronic obstruction of air flow through the airways and out of the lungs
bronchitis inflammation of the mucous membrane in the lungs' bronchial passages
Emphysema progressive disease of the lung that primarily causes SOB
common cold infection of the upper respiratory tract
cystic fibrosis chronic, progressive disease that causes mucus to become thick, dry, and sticky that builds up and clogs passages in many body organs
hay fever seasonal allergic rhinitis
influenza viruses that infect the respiratory tract
Legionnaire's disease type of pneumonia or lung infection
lung cancer leading cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the US
pleurisy inflammation of the lungs
pulmonary edema caused by fluid accumulation in the lungs
pulmonary embolism blood clot in the lung
SARS spread mainly through contact with infected saliva or droplets from coughing
sinusitis infection or inflammation of the mucous membranes that line the inside of the nose and sinuses
tuberculosis contagious disease caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculiosis
what is hemoptysis coughing up blood
What organs make up the upper respiratory tract nose and pharynx
what organs make up the lower respiratory tract larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs
what are the two portions of the nose external and internal
what are the 4 paranasal sinuses maxillary, frontal, sphenoidal, ethmoidal
what are the 3 tonsils adenoids, palatine, lingual
what are the 3 cartilaginous structures that protect the larynx thyroid, epiglottic, cricoid
what protects the trachea c-rings of cartilage
what is a precise sequence of events inhalation
what is considered a passive process expiration
where are respiratory centers located brain stem
what is pleura thin sheets of epithelium that cover the outer surface of the lungs
what is the pleural space gap between the pleura
what is surfactant fluid that fills the pleural space
what does the mediastinum contain heart, trachea, esophagus and blood vessels
what are alveoli small air sacs that support network of capillaries used for oxygen and carbon dioxide transfer
what are the respiratory muscles diaphragm and intercostal muscles
where does the nose drain paranasal sinuses
how do the sinuses decrease weight in the skull creation of air pockets
what is the function of the tonsils fight infection
how long is the pharynx 5 in
what are the 3 parts of the pharynx oropharynx, laryngopharynx, nasopharynx
what connects the trachea and esophagus pharynx
which tonsils are referred to as "the tonsils" palatine
how long are the lungs 10-12 in
which lung is smaller left
what is acute bronchitis bronchitis that lasts less than 6 weeks
what is chronic bronchitis bronchitis that recurs frequently for more than 2 years
what are cilia hair-like projections
Created by: Lisa Barnett