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AP Lab Final

Urine - light yellow to amber No disease
Urine - Clear to light yellow uncontrolled diabetes
Urine - yellow orange to dark green Bilirubin from obstructive jaundice
Urine - Red to red brown Hemoglobin in urine
Urine - Smokey red Unhemolyzed red blood cells from urinary tract
Urine - Dark wine Hemolytic jaundice
Urine - Brown-Black Melanin pigment from melanoma
Urine - Brown Anemia or liver infection
Urine - Green Bacterial infection
Urine - Low pH < 4.5 uncontrolled diabetes
Urine - High pH > 8.0 Severe anemia
Urine - Low specific gravity < 1.010 Severe renal damage
Urine - High specific gravity > 1.025 uncontrolled diabetes and severe anemia
Urine - Glucose present Uncontrolled diabetes
Urine - Protein present Severe anemia
Blood - Erythrocytes Transport O2 & CO2
Blood - Neutrophils Phagocytize bacteria
Blood - Eosinophil Kills parasitic worms & plays role in allergy & asthma
Blood - Basophil Release histamine & other mediators of inflammation; contains heparin, an anti-coagulant
Blood - Lymphocyte Mount immune response by direct cell attack or via antibodies
Blood - Monocyte Phagocytosis - develop into macrophages in tissues
Blood - Platelets Seals small tears in blood vessels & instrumental in clotting
Anterior Pituitary - Basophils Synthesize FSH, LH, TSH and ACTH
Anterior Pituitary - Acidophils Synthesize Prolactin & GH
Pancreas - Islets - Alpha Cells Produce Glucagon
Pancreas - Islets - Beta Cells Produce Insulin
Pancreas - Acinar cells Exocrine function
Thyroid - Parafollicular cells Calcitonin production
Thyroid - Follicular cells Secrete thyroglobulin to follicles
Parathyroid - Chief cells Closely spaced cells that synthesize PTH
Created by: scarabone