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In the Guelf vs. Ghibelline struggle in Italy, the Guelfs were IN FAVOR OF A STRONG MONARCHY. est. 1100 distracted emperor from interfering w/ growth of Italian cities & strong merchant oligarchies
Guelf Guelfs : pro-princely, anti-papal no favor to strong, centralized govt.Ghibelline inverse
Ghibelline aka Hohenstaufens : favored strong, centralized govt.no favored pro-princely, anti-papal Guelf inverse
The English Tudor line of kings is most associated with return to monarchial control after prd. of instability
Henry Tudor (Henry VII) 1485-1507 restored peace & order - consolidate pwr over subjects - avoid any dependence on Parliament 4 revenue. * Creation of Star Chanmber Courts
Star Chamber Courts Henry Tudor (Henry VII) 1485-1507- courts under his control and largely used to punish nobles for challenging his authority
Tudor Dynasty * tradition of absolutism Henry Tudor (Henry VII) monarchial controlWar of Roses (uncertainty & instability prd. England)
Advantages of France in the Hundred Years' War France vs. England - larger (pop)- richer (natural resources)- fought on land- larger (territorial size)
Created by: AlmaSol15