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Jessica Casillas

Anatomy week 1-6 study

What is anatomy? study of structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts
Mitochondria "powerhouse" of cells that provide energy needed by the cell to carry on day to day functioning, growth, and repair
Golgi Apparatus set of sacs that provides a "packaging" service to cell by storing material for future internal use or export from the cell
Endoplasmic reticulum network of channels within the cell that act as "highways" for the movement of chemicals and as sites for chemical processing
How many major systems compose the human body? eleven
Name the major systems of the body integumentary, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, skeletal, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive
Anterior front or in front
Medial toward the middle line
Proximal toward or nearest the trunk of the body
Distal away from the furthest point of origin from the body
What is an Isotope? contain the same number of protons but different number of neurons
Plasma Membrane Phospholipid bilayer reinforced with cholesterol and embedded with proteins and other organic molecules
Endoplasmic Reticulum Network of canals and sacs extending from the nuclear envelope; may have ribosomes attached
Epithelial Tissue covers and protects the body surface, lines body cavities, specializes in moving substances into and out of the body or particular organs, and forms many glands
Connective tissue functions to support the body and its parts, connect and hold them together, transport substances through the body, and protect it from foreign invaders
What are the three primary germ layers called? endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm
Muscle tissue produces movement
Nervous tissue generation of complex messages that coordinate the body function
What is the extracellular matrix made up of? water, proteins/glycoproteins, proteoglycans
What are the three types of epithelial tissue membranes in the body? cutaneous membrane, serous membrane, mucous membranes
What are the functions of connective tissues? connects, supports, transports, defends
What are the three types of muscle tissue? skeletal muscle tissue, smooth muscle tissue, cardiac muscle tissue
What is the function of the nervous system? to regulate the activities in the different parts of the body
What is the epidermis? the superficial, thin layer of skin
What is the dermis? the deep, thicker layer of skin
What are the function of the surface film? antibacterial and antifungal activity, lubrication, hydration of the skin surface, buffering of caustic irritants, blocking of many toxic agents
What are the three kinds of skin glands? sweat, sebaceous, ceruminous
Created by: Jaebabe13
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