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UE 2.2.1 neuroscienc

enseignement neuroscience

composition SNC encéphale : cerveau + cervelet + tronc cérébral moelle épinière
composition SNP nerfs rachidiens + crâniens
les 4 lobes de l'encéphale frontal pariétal occipital temporal
fonction du lobe frontal mémoire immédiate motricité convention sociale
fonction du lobe temporal audition mémoire à long terme régulation des émotions compréhension des mots
fonction du lobe pariétal sensibilité du corps coordination des mouvements
fonction du lobe occipital vision
éléments responsables à la communication inter-hémisphère corps calleux + commissures antérieurs et postérieurs
les 6 régions de l'encéphale télencéphale diencéphale tronc cérébral : mésencéphale/protubérance/bulbe cervelet
taille de la ME 45 cm
type de communication entre les neurones électro-chimique
définition amitotique qui ne se divise pas = neurones
définition neurites axone + dendrites
fonction de l'axone transports des neuropeptides sur microtubules
3 familles de neurotransmetteurs acides aminés amine neuropeptide
acides aminés excitateurs glutamate aspartate
acides aminés inhibiteurs gaba + glycine
synonyme des canaux ioniques canaux ionotropiques
PPS potentiel post synaptique
PPSE potentiel post synaptique excitateur
PPSI potentiel post synaptique inhibiteur
composition de la membrane neuronale bicouche phospho-lipidique
différence du potentiel de repos -65mV
3 phases du PA ascendante descendante hyperpolarisation
potentiel de seuil -55mV
définition conduction saltatoire influx électrique saute les gaine de myéline : présence que dans les nœuds de Ranvier
Created by: ambre06
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