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MedTermsReprodSystem

QuestionAnswer
Reproductive system process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to the next
gonads testes and ovaries
mons pubis fatty tissue & thick skin that overlies the from of the pubic bone
clitoris small mass of erectile tissue and nerves, similarities to male penis
fallopian tubes transports ova to uterus
vagina birth canal
uterus provides nourishment from time fertilized egg is implanted to time of birth of fetus
climacteric menopause, end of a women's reproductive system
cervic/o cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
genit/o genitals
gonad/o genitals, reproduction
gynec/o female
hyster/o, uter/o uterus
metr/o uterine tissue
oophor/o, ovar/o ovary
salping/o uterine tube
vulv/o vulva
-cidal killing
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder, cyst, sac
men/o month
rect/o rectum
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
dysmenorreha painful menstruation
menorrhagia excessive flow during menstruation
metrorrhagia bleeding from uterus at any time other than during menstruation period
colpitis herniation or protrusion of urinary bladder through wall of vagina
endometriosis tissue that somewhat resembles endometrium is found abnormally in various locations in pelvic cavity
fistula abnormal tubelike passage between two internal organs or between an internal organ and body surface
rectovaginal fistula abnormal opening between rectum and vagina
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between bladder and vagina
hysteroptosis prolapse of uterus
myoma benign fibroid tumor of uterine muscle
oophoritis inflamed condition of an ovary
oophorosalpingitis inflammation of ovary and uterine tube
pelvic inflammatory disease infection of upper genital organs beyond cervix, often involving peritoneum and intestines
salpingitis inflammation of uterine tube
salpingocele hernial protrusion of a uterine tube
vulvitis inflammation of vulva
in vitro fertilization method of fertilizing the ova outside the body by collecting mature ova and placing them in a dish with spermatozoa
douche washing out vagina immediately after intercourse
coitus interruptus withdrawal of penis
basal body temperature (bbt) ovulation is determined by drop and subsequent rise in BBT, abstinence is practiced during fertile periods
cervical mucus ovulation id determined by observing the changes in cervical mucus abstinence is practiced during fertile period
symptothermal combination of observing symptoms and increase in body temperature, abstinence on fertile days
colporrhaphy suture of vagina
conization of cervix excision of cone of tissue from cervix performed to remove lesion from cervix or to obtain tissue from biopsy
dilation and curettage surgical procedure that expands cervical opening so uterine wall can be scrape
hysterectomy surgical removal of uterus
laparohysterectomy removal of uterus through abdominal wall
lapar/o abdominal
salpingectomy surgical removal of uterine tube
oophorectomy surgical removal of one or both ovaries
salpingorrhaphy suture of uterine tube
tubal ligation sterilization by surgically binding or crushing uterine tubes
where does fertilization occur? uterine tubes
amion, chorion extraembryonic membranes
placenta where fetus derives nourishment during pregnancy
feuts after 8 weeks
chorionic gonadotropin (HGC) produced within few days after fertilization, detected in body fluids
ectopic pregnancy embryo implanted outside uterus
neonate newborn infant up to 6 weeks of age
gestation pregnancy
parturition childbirth
antepartum before childbirth
para shows number of live births
gravida 1 pregnant for first time
amni/o amnion
fet/o fetus
nat/i birth
par/o to bear offspring
-para a woman who has given birth
cephalic presentation normal birth
abruptio placentae separation of placenta from uterine wall after 20 weeks or more gestation or during labor, results in severe hemorrhage
amnion innermost of membranes hat surround developing fetus
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid
down syndrome presence of 3 or chromosome 21
episiotomy surgical procedure where incision in made to enlarge vaginal opening
erythroblastosis fetalis anemia of newborns characterized by premature destruction of rbc and resulting form maternal-fetal blood incompatibility
placenta previa abnormal implantation of placenta in uterus so that in impinges on or covers the openings at the upper end of uterine cervix
lobules 15-20 in breast
lactiferous duct drains lobes, opening in nipple
penis transfers sperm to vagina
prepuce loose fold of skin, covers glans penis
epididymis where sperm is stored
scrotum where testes and epididymis are contained
ductus deferens vas deferens, begin at epididymis enters abdominoplevic cavity,
bulbourethral glands contribute alkaline mucus-like fluid to semen
spermatogeness formation of mature functional sperm, testes responsible
seminal vesicles produce fluids necessary for sperm survival, reservoir for semen until discharged
prostate produce fluids necessary for sperm survival
gon/o genitals or reproduction
orchi/o, orchid/o testes
test/o, tesitcul/o testes
pen/o penis
prostat/o prostate
scrot/o scrotum, bag
semin/o semen
ser/o serum
spermat/o sperm
urethr/o urethra
vas/o vessel or duct
benign prostatic hyperplasia nonmalignant, noninflammatory enlargement of prostate, 50 yrs or older
cryptorchidism undescended testicles
hydrocele accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity
testicular torsion axial rotation of spermatic cord that cuts off blood supply to testicle
transurethral prostatectomy partial or complete removal of prostate gland by passing a cystoscope through urethra
chlamydial infection, treatable
gonorrhea genitourinary infection caused by bacterium, gonococcus
syphilis bacteria; spirochetes, spiral hair
chancre primary lesion that appears 2-3 weeks after person is infected with syphilis
herpes genitalis highly infectious, blisters, ulcerations on genital organs, difficult to treat, can lead to spontaneous abortion, stillbirth or congenital birth defects
syndrome condition with define set of signs and symptoms that are not necessarily caused by same disease
hepatitis A & E not sexually transmitted, acquired by contaminated blood, sexual contact or contaminated needles and instruments
Created by: Hayzelley