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preoperative vocab

preoperative medical terminology

fixative a substance used to harden & perserve specimens
hypoxia a decreased amount of oxygen reaching the blood cells
respiration process of breathing, the inspiration & expiration of air involving muscles of the chest and abdomen
pathology study of diseases
anoxia lack of oxygen
electrocardiogram recording of electrical activity of the heart
cheyne-stokes alternating cycles of hypernea & apnea often seen in critically ill or unconscious pt.
tachycardia heart rate consistently above normal
A.M. admissions pt's entering the hospital the morning of surgery
ambulatory surgery surgical care performed w/o overnight hospitalization
culture a growth of living material/microorganism in a prepared media
110-130 beats per minute infant heart rate
frozen section a piece of tissue/organ quickly frozen & then cut into a thin slice for viewing under a microscope
pre-operative holding area designaged room/area where pt's wait prior to going to the OR
hypothermia below normal body temperature
pulse pressure difference between systolic & distolic
suffocation any stoppage of respirations caused by strangulation,aspiratio of foreign object or drowning
blood pressure force of blood exerted on the arterial walls as the heart beats
formalin an aqueous solution of 37% formaldehyde w/methanol added
intermittent fever fever that alternates between elevated & normal/subnormal body temperature
dyspnea painful,difficult or labored breathing
remittent fever fever that alternates rising/dropping, but which has no indication of normal body temperature
hyperpnea an increase in the depth of breathing
specimen any tissue,fluid or foreign body removed from a pt
bronchial washings cells collected from 1 or both bronchi by irrigation
patient advocate person who assists the pt and their families w/their need for information & assistance in coping with surgery
pulse deficit difference between pulse counts taken simultaneously at different sites
asphyxia increased CO2 & decreased O2 in the body as a result of some sort of interference w/respiration
nursing process planned process of integrated steps, includes assessment,planning,intervention & evaluation
rales bubbling/rattling sounds caused by mucous in the air passages as in bronchitis or pneumonia
bradycardia abnormally slow heart rate
diastolic pressure pressure at its lowest when heart is relaxed
nursing diagnosis classifying pt data collected to focus on care needed
eupnea ordinary, quiet respiration w/o effort
febrile feverous; pertaining to a fever
orthopnea breathing may only be possible when person stans or sits in an upright position
smear material spread thinly on a surface (slide) so it can be viewed under a microscope
arrhythmia uneven intervals between pulse or heart beats
apnea cessation in breathing; lack of breathing
pulse beat of the heart as felt thru the walls of the arteries
Created by: clmcnees