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Gastrointestinal system Vocab

Digestive System(GastroIntestinal System) is responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food
alimentary canal long,muscular tube that begins at the mouth and includes the mouth,pharynx,esophagus,stomach,small intestine, large intestine, and anus
mouth (buccal cavity) receives food as it enters the body; food is tasted, broken down by teeth, lubricated, and swallowed
teeth special structures in the mouth that physically break down food by chewing and grinding; process is called mastication
tongue muscular organ that contains special receptors, called taste buds' the taste buds allow a person to taste sweet, salt, sour, and bitter sensations
hard palate bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth, separates mouth from nasal cavity
soft palate behind hard palate, and separates mouth from the nasopharynx
salivary glands theres 3 pairs, parotid, sublingual, and submandibular, and produce liquid in mouth called saliva
pharynx tube in throat that carries food, water, and air
esophagus muscular tube dorsal to the trachea, tube carries bolus to stomach, does involuntary movement to move food forward called peristalsis
stomach enlarged part of alimeter canal, recieves food from esophagus, digests food through complex system
small intestine coiled up section of allimentary canal, divided into three sections
duodenum first nine to ten inches of small intestine
jejunum eight feet, forms middle sections of small intestines
Created by: anreyes



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