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Chapter 5

Amylase Enzyme secreted by the pancreas to digest starch
Absorption Passage of materials through villi into the blood
Defecation Removal of waste material from the body
Deglutition Swallowing
Bilirubin Pigment released by the liver in bile
Emulsification Process of breaking up large fat globules
Enamel Hard, outermost layer of a tooth
Dentin Major tissue composing teeth
Amino acids Substances produced when proteins are digested
Fatty acids Substances produced when fats are digested
Bile Digestive juice made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
Glucose simple sugar
Hydrochloric acid Chemical produced by the stomach to aid digestion
LES Ring of muscles between the esophagus and stomach
Parotid gland Secretes enzymes into the mouth
Portal vein Blood vessel bringing blood to the liver
Peristalsis Contractions of the gastrointestinal tubes
Protease Enzyme that digest proteins
Incisor One of four front teeth
Glycogen Starch; stored sugar
Palate Roof of the mouth
Feces Solid wastes; food
Lipase Pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats
Insulin Hormone produced by the pancreas
Mastication Chewing
Pyloric sphincter Ring of muscles at the distal region of the stomach
Triglycerides Large fat of molecules
Papillae Small elevations on the tongue
Rugae Ridges on the hard palate and wall of the stomach
Uvula Soft tissue hanging from the soft palate
Villi Microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine
Pulp Soft tissue within a tooth
Created by: Breeanajean
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