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Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
Alimentary canal The digestive tract from the esophagus to the rectum
Anus External opening of the anal canal; or rectum
Colon The large intestine
Digestive system the gastrointestinal system, is responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food so that it can be taken into the bloodstream and used by body cells and tissues.
Dudodenum first part of the small intestine; connect the pylorus of the stomach and the jejunum
Esophagus Tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach
Gallbladder Small sac near the liver; concentrates and stores bile
Hard palate Bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth
Ileum Final section of the small intestine; connects the jejunum and large intestine
Jejunum the middle section of the small intestine; connects the duodenum and ileum
Large intestine The final section of the alimentary canal.
Liver Largest gland in the body; located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen; two of its main functions are excreting bile and storing glycogen.
Mouth Oral cavity; opening to the digestive tract, or alimentary canal.
Pancreas Gland that is dorsal to the stomach and that secretes insulin and digestive juices
Peristalsis Rhythmic, wavelike motion of involuntary muscles.
Pharynx the throat
Rectum Pertaining to or the lower part of the large intestine, the temporary storage area for indigestible.
Salivary glands Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion
Small intestine That section of the intestine that is between the stomach and large intestine; site of most absorption of nutrients
Soft palate Tissue at the back of the roof of the mouth; separates the mouths from the nasopharynx
Stomach Enlarged section of the alimentary canal, between the esophagus and the small intestine; serves as an organ of digestion.
Teeth Structures in the mouth that physically break down food by chewing and grinding
Tongue Muscular organ of the mouth; aids in speech, swallowing, and taste.
Vermiform appendix The cecum is the first section and is connected to the ileum of the small intestine it contains a small projection called the vermiform appendix
Villi Tiny projections from a surface; in the small intestine, projections that aid in the absorption of nutrients
Created by: ansem112
 

 



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