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MedTermsUrineSystem

QuestionAnswer
Excretion process body produces wastes
Urination act of voiding
Function of urinary system excretion of wastes to maintain the volume and chemical composition of blood
albumin/o albumin
Urea final product of protein metabolism & is chief nitrogenous waste present in urine
Urology branch of medicine concerned with male genital tract & urinary tracts of both sexes
-ation process
-esis action, process, or result of
glycos/o sugar
olig/o few, scanty
ur/o urine or urinary tract
urin/o urine
-uria urine or urination
What is urinary system composed of? two kidneys, ureter (w. each kidney), bladder, urethra
urinary tract organs and ducts participating in secretion and elimination of urine
urinary pertaining to, secreting or containing urine, organs: produce, collect and eliminate urine
nephrons kidneys functional unit, 1 million
ureters how urine leaves kidneys, lead to bladder
urethra canal where urine is released
cyst/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
nephr/o, ren/o kidneys
pyel/o renal pelvis (collects urine)
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
cystic pertaining to cyst, gallbladder, urinary bladder
renal pelvis funnel shaped, center of kidneys
tubules component of kidney
glomerulus component of kidney, cluster of blood vessels surrounded by Bowman's capsule
glomerular filtration initial process of in formation of urine
what the glomerulus do? allows water, salts, wastes and everything except blood cells and proteins to pass through its walls
What does Bowman's Capsule do? collects substances that filter through glomerular walls and passes them to the tubule
3 processes of urinary system glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion
Antidiuretic hormone increases reabsorption of water by renal tubules, decreasing urine produced
Diabetes mellitus endocrine disorder, glycosuria, hyperglycemia, inadequate production of insulin
stenosis constriction or narrowing
cystocele bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina
nephrosis degenerative changes in the kidney
nephrotoxic destructive to kidney tissues
polycystic kidney disease hereditary disorder characterized by hundreds of fluid-filled cysts throughout kidneys
polyp tumor found on mucosal surface
retrograde urography x-ray examination of renal pelvis and ureter after injection of medium, alternative to intravenous urography
urinary continence inability of hold urine in bladder
urinary retention inability to empty the bladder
voiding cystourethrogram x-ray record of bladder and urethra
laparoscopic nephrectomy removal of kidney through several small incisions in abdominal wall
Methods for urinary diversion urethral, ureteral, suprapubic catheterization, percutaneous nephrostomy
percutaneous bladder biopsy removal of tissue from bladder by using needle inserted through skin
pyelolithotomy surgical incision of kidney to remove stone from renal pelvis
Created by: Hayzelley
 

 



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