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MMTC Med Term Ch15

Miller Motte Technical College Chapter 15, Female Reproductive System

cervic/o neck or cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina (sheath)
episi/o, vulv/o vulva (covering)
gynec/o woman
hyster/o, metr/o, uter/o uterus
lact/o milk
mast/o, mamm/o breast
men/o menstruation
obstetr/o midwife
oophor/o, ovari/o ovary
ov/i, ov/o egg
pelv/i pelvis (basin); hip bone
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube; also, eustachian tube
toc/o labor or birth
-arche (suffix) beginning
uterus yū′tr-s womb; a pear-shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo and fetus develops
fundus fn′ds upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
endometrium en-dō-mē′trē-m lining of the uterus, which is shed approximately every 28 to 30 days in a nonpregnant female during menstruation
uterine tubes yū′tr-in tūbz - fallopian tubes fă-lō′pē-ăn tūbz tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
ovary ō′vă-rē one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
cervix sr′viks neck of the uterus
cervical os sr′vi-kăl os opening of the cervix to the uterus
vagina vă-j′nă tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
vulva vl′vă external genitalia of the female
labia lā′bē-ă folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening; known as the labia majora and labia minora
clitoris klit′ō-ris female erectile tissue in the anterior portion of the vulva
hymen h′men fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina
areola ă-rē′ō-lă dark-pigmented area around the nipple
embryo (Fig. 15-3) em′brē-ō the developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eighth week
fetus (Fig. 15-4) fē′ts the developing organism from the ninth week to birth
placenta plă-sen′tă vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy to provide nourishment for the fetus (placenta = cake)
amnion am′nē-on innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid
meconium mē-kō′nē-m intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
amenorrhea ă-men-ō-rē′ă absence of menstruation
dysmenorrhea dis-men-ō-rē′ă painful menstruation
cervicitis ser-vi-s′tis inflammation of the cervix
menopause men′ō-pawz cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones
amastia ă-mas′tē-ă absence of a breast
dilation and curettage (D&C) (Fig. 15-15) d-lā′shn and kū-r-tahzh′ dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, to obtain tissue for biopsy, or to remove polyps or products of conception
gravida (Fig. 15-19) grav′i-dă a pregnant woman; gravida followed by a number indicates the number of pregnancies
nulligravida nl-i-grav′i-dă having never been pregnant
primigravida pr-mi-grav′i-dă first pregnancy
para (see Fig. 15-19) par′ă to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable (live outside the uterus) offspring; para followed by a number indicates the number of times a pregnancy has resulted in a single or multiple birth
nullipara n-lip′ă-ră a woman who has not borne a child (nulli = none; para = to bear)
primipara pr-mip′ă-ră first delivery (primi = first; para = to bear)
multipara ml-tip′ă-ră a woman who has given birth to two or more children (multi = many; para = to bear)
Created by: evinsmc