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~Final review~

Day 1 to 5; lasts approximately 3 to 5 days Menstrual Phase
Days 15 to 28; if pregnancy does not occur, hormone level drops- causing irritability, fluid retention, & breast tenderness Premenstrual Phase
Interval between the menses & ovulation; days 6 to 12 Postmenstrual Phase
Graafian follicle ruptures, releasing the mature ovum Ovulatory Phase
Abnormally light or infrequent menstrual periods Oligomenorrhea
Absence of menstrual flow Amenorrhea
Painful menstruation Dysmenorrhea
Urterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual period Metorrhagia
Abnormally long or very heavy menstrual periods Menorhagia
Female reproductive organs are fully developed Puberty
Dialation and curettage D&C
Endometrial biopsy EMB
Gynecology GYN
Intrauterine device IUD
Papanicolaou smear Pap
Pelvic inflammatory disease PID
Premenstrual syndrome PMS
Total abdominal hysterectomy TAH
Carcinoma in situ CIS
Last menstrual period LMP
Cervix Cx
Endocervical curettage ECC
Estrogen replacement therapy ERT
Liquid-based Pap LBP
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure LEEP
Luteinizing hormone LH
Total vaginal hysterectomy TVH
The darker pigmented circular area surrounding the nipple of each breast Areola
The cessation of menstruation Climacteric
A mature sperm or ovum.:gamete, A mature, fully developed ovarian cyst containing the ripe ovum Graafian follicle
A mature sperm or ovum Gamete
The dome-shaped central upper portion of the uterus between the points of insertion of the fallopian tubes Fundus
The fringelike end of the fallopian tube Fimbriae
The inner lining of the uterus Endometrium
A yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; contains high levels of progesterone and some estrogen Corpus luteum
The onset of menstruation; the first menstrual period Menarche
The periodic shedding of the lining of the nonpregnant uterus through a bloody discharge that passes through the vagina to the outside of the body Menstruation
One of a pair of female gonads Ovary
The female reproductive cell Ovum
One of the female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum and the placenta Progesterone
The hollow, pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum Uterus
The external genitalia that consists of the mons pubis, labia majora, clitoris, labia minora, vestibule, urinary meatus, vaginal orifice, Bartholin's glands, and the perineum Vulva
Cervix Cervic/o
Woman Gynec/o
Menstruation Men/o
Discharge; flow -rrhea
Fallopian tubes Salping/o
Vulva Vulv/o
Before; in front ante-
Bad; difficult; painful; disordered dys-
Breast Mamm/o
Uterus Hyster/o
Menstrual flow is called: Menses
The structures that coax the ovum into the fallopian tube are called: Fimbriae
The process in which a mature ovum releases from the ovary Ovulation
The treatment for carcinoma of the breast which includes the removal of the breast and lymph nodes Modified radical mastectomy
An abnormal tipping forward of the entire uterus, including the cervix, is called: Anteflexion
The condition that indicates the backward displacement of the uterus Retroversion
The surgical removal of the uterus is called: Hysterectomy
The condition that is characterized by an abnormal location of uterine tissue Endometriosis
Inflammation of the cervical lining Cervicitis
Created by: SaraCh17