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Medical Terminology

Chapter 1

aden/o gland. adenoma The suffix -oma means tumor or mass.
arthr/o joint. arthritis
bi/o life. biology The suffix -logy is composed of the root log (study) and the final suffix -y (process or condition).
carcin/o cancerous, cancer. carcinoma  A carcinoma is a cancerous tumor.
cardi/o heart. cardiology
cephal/o head. cephalic The suffix -ic means pertaining to. A cephalic presentation describes a “head first” position for the delivery of an infant.
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain). cerebral The suffix -al means pertaining to.
cis/o to cut. incision The prefix in- means into, and the suffix -ion means process. excision The prefix ex- means out.
crin/o The prefix endo- means within; endocrine glands secrete hormones directly within (into) the bloodstream. exocrine glands, release their secretions through tubes (ducts) to the outside of the body.
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid). cystoscopy The suffix -scopy is a complex suffix that includes the root scop, meaning visual examination, and the final suffix -y, meaning process. 
cyt/o cell. cytology
derm/o skin. dermatitis
electr/o electricity. electrocardiogram The suffix -gram means record. Abbreviated ECG (or sometimes EKG)
encephal/o brain. electroencephalogram Abbreviated EEG.
enter/o intestines (usually the small intestine). enteritis
erythr/o red. erythrocyte The suffix -cyte means cell. Erythrocytes carry oxygen in the bloo
gastr/o stomach. gastrectomy The suffix -ectomy means excision or removal. gastronomy The suffix -tomy contains the root tom, meaning to cut, and the final suffix -y, meaning process of.
glyc/o sugar. hyperglycemia
gnos/o knowledge. diagnosis The prefix dia- means complete. The suffix -sis means state or condition of. prognosis The prefix pro- means before. Literally a prognosis is a prediction
gynec/o woman, female. gynecology
hemat/o blood. hematology
hem/o hematoma In this term, -oma means a mass or collection of blood, rather than a growth of cells (tumor).
hepat/o liver. hepatitis
iatr/o treatment, physician. iatrogenic The suffix -genic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in. Iatrogenic conditions are adverse effects that result from treatment or intervention by a physician.
leuk/o white. leukocyte This blood cell helps the body fight disease.
log/o study of. dermatology
nephr/o kidney. nephritis
neur/o nerve. neurology
onc/o tumor (cancerous). oncologist The suffix -ist means one who specializes in a field of medicine (or other profession).
ophthalm/o eye. ophthalmoscope (of-THAL-mo-skope) The suffix -scope means an instrument for visual examination. *HINT: Pronunciation helps! The first syllable is “off” and here the “f” sound is spelled “ph.”
oste/o bone. osteoarthritis This condition of aging is actually a degeneration of bones and joints often accompanied by inflammation.
Created by: BrittanyBennett
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